Missouri Botanical Garden Archives
1831-1914 (39 linear feet)
George Engelmann (1809-1884) was a German doctor who immigrated with his family to Belleville, Illinois in the early 1830s. From there he moved to St. Louis and established a medical practice with his fellow expatriate Friedrich Adolph Wislizenus and lead the creation of the Western Academy of Natural Sciences and later the Academy of Science of St. Louis. In the 1840s, Engelmann began a life-long correspondence with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray, and the two together arranged for the collection of plants in the Southwest before, during, and following the Mexican-American War through their respective networks of correspondents. Engelmann was also a scientific advisor to Henry Shaw on the development of the Missouri Botanical Garden. He purchased the Bernhardi herbarium on Shaw’s behalf and the first books for the garden library on a trip to Europe in 1857-1858. In addition to his medical practice, Engelmann was an active botanical researcher with a special focus on Cactaceae, Vitaceae, Juncaceae, and Isoetaceae. Engelmann’s herbarium and papers were given to the Missouri Botanical Garden by his son after his death.
The papers are chiefly letters and botanical notebooks. Lecture notes and Engelmann's doctoral thesis are among the earliest. A series on herbaria and collectors includes plant exchange lists and other records concerning the Bernhardi and Engelmann herbaria and early plant collections coordinated by Engelmann in the western United States.
The botanical notebooks are primarily notes on species from the botanical literature, herbarium specimens, and live plants in field and garden. Drawings and manuscripts by Engelmann, Arthur Schott, Paulus Roetter and others, and correspondence are found throughout. These materials are arranged by family, genus and species in Engelmann's own system.
The correspondence is primarily letters to Engelmann, arranged alphabetically by correspondent, relating to botany, botanical surveys, and expeditions sponsored by the Smithsonian Institutions and other agencies of the U.S. government. The expeditions include the Emory expedition in New Mexico, the Fremont expedition in the Rocky Mountains and California, Hayden expedition on the upper Missouri River and Colorado, and the Nicollet, Powell, Simpson, Wheeler, Whipple, and Wilkes expeditions. Many of the letters include descriptions of local and national politics. There is extensive correspondence with Smithsonian representatives. The correspondence is in English, German, and French. Translations in English are available for most of the German correspondence.
Digitization of this collection is supported by the Institute of Museum and Library Services under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act as administered by the Missouri State Library, a division of the Office of the Secretary of State.
Abbot, Henry L. 1831-1927
Office of Expeditions & Surveys, War Dept., Washington, DC
1 Message October 27, 1857
Abert, J. J. (John James) 1788-1863
Bureau of Topographical Engr., Washington, DC
2 Messages December 10, 1858 – December 26, 1958
Receipt and forwarding of box containing Engelmann's botanical collections from Capt. Simpson's survey party.
2 Messages August 21, 1874 – November 2, 1874
: Request for information regarding variation in Yucca
Acknowledgement of receipt of material and seeds of Yucca
J. B. Baker of Kew
Agassiz, Jean Louis Rudolph 1807-1874
Cambridge and "At sea between the Galapagos and Panama"
9 Messages May 15, 1849 – June 20, 1875
: Variation of Opuntias
on different islands and lack of variation in Cereus
Allen, James Thomas 1831-1885
Superintendent of planting for UPRR; Union Pacific Railway, Omaha, NE
2 Messages September 23, 1882 – March 17, 1886
: Planting various Pinus
and their adaptation to different locales, e.g. Cheyenne Pass.
: J. H. Masters and Robert Douglas
Allen, John Alphonse 1863-1916
New Haven, CT
2 Messages January 29, 1882 – January 15, 1883
: Request for identification of undetermined Picea
. (Includes extensive descriptions of Juncus).
Allen, Thomas 1813-1882
Office of the State Board of Centennial Manager (Pres.); St. Louis, MO
1 Messages November 22, 1875
: Request for Engelmann to write a memoir or essays about Missouri plants. Engelmann’s response is on the verso.
Allen, Timothy Field, M.D. 1837-1902
Brooklyn and New York City [NY]
9 Messages July 1, 1860 – January 15, 1884
: Request for bit of Chara
from various locales, western Marsilea
and Characeae Americanae Exsiccatae.
: Braun, Cassino, Eaton, Hooker, Helmaier, Gray.
Alvord, Benjamin 1813-1884
Jefferson Barracks, MO; Boston, MA; Fort Gratiot, MI; Washington, DC
5 Messages February 13, 1844 – February 26, 1882
: Silphium lacinatum
, its peculiar characteristics and range. Lactuca
with similar characteristics.
Alvord, William 1833-1904
San Francisco, CA
1 Message August 11, 1881
: Yucca macrocarpa
seeds germinating at Golden Gate Park.
Anderson, Charles Lewis 1827-1910
Santa Cruz, CA
2 Messages October 26, 1871 – January 15, 1873
: Request for information on Yucca
Junci of North America.
Specimens of Pinus insignis
sent from Monterey, CA.
: Bolander, Dr. Canfield and Gray visiting him in Santa Cruz, (California).
Andersson, Nils Johan 1821-1880
4 Messages July 27, 1858 – March 24, 1874
(2 correspondence in German with English translation)
: Sending Engelmann a box of Galapagos (Islands) plants in exchange for American plants.
Andras, John C [1832-1924?]
3 Messages February 8, 1861 – March 6, 1868
: Andras' procedure for germinating seeds and growing Rhipsalis
An account of Andras' travels from 1863-1868.
Andrews, Geo. (Mrs.)
1 Message July 19, 1879
: Engelmann's query about the late Dr. Rugel's plant collection, particularly Isoetes
Discovery of the fact that Dr. Rugal's birthplace was Wirtemburg.
: Dr. Ferdinand Ignatius Xavier Rugel 1806-1879
Arends, Friedrich [1782-1861?]
Arthur, Joseph Charles 1850-1942
Charles City, Fayette and Ames, IA
4 Messages November 8, 1875 – November 13, 1882
: Publication of catalogue of the Phaenogams of Iowa.
Request for identification of plants being prepared for the centennial.
Desire for information on Sagittaria
in Engelmann's possession.
: Psoralea, Marsilia
with field notes for locations on the Des Moines River.
: Al. [Alexander] Braun.
: Des Moines River.
Ascherson, Paul 1834-1913
3 Messages July 19, 1867 – August 7, 1874
(German - with English translations done in 1998-9 by Westin and Eliasson)
: Exchange of publications. Compairson of Hungarian Cuscuta
fragments. Classification of Zostera
(Atlantic coast, Russia, India), Phyllospadix
(California and Russia), Thalassia
(Gulf coast). Mussels (Florida, Cuba). Specimen exchange.
: Alexander Braun, Henry Bolander, Asa Gray, Louis François de Pourtalès, Wright, Alvan Chapman, Viviani, Morris, Pori.
: Cuscuta, Zostera, Phyllospadix, Thalassia.
Atwood, Charles M.D. 1854-1928
1 Message May 26, 1881
: Request for Engelmann’s monograph on North American Junci.
Austin, Coe Finch 1831-1880
New York City and Albany, NY; Closter, NJ
36 Messages February 19, 1862 – December 12, 1876
: Descriptions of Spiranthes
found on Staten Island and the Palisades. Callitriche
found on the rocky cliffs of the Mississippi and elsewhere. Extensive discussions and field notes on Callitriche
November 7, 1869 throughout the series; findings on Juncus
with field notes. Lemna
from various locations discussed throughout the series.
Wolffia from Cuba, New Jersey and other eight locations discussed in 1867 letters and those April 8, 1872 following. Sketches in letter. Hepaticae, his publications of a monograph, North American
Hepatice, extensive January 2, 1869 ff. discussions and notes.
Questioning Sullivant's determination of Rellia heliocopica
as to whether it is even January 2, 1872 a Hepatic!
: Nuphar, new Danthonia
New Jersey pine Barren plants, Pyrola, Botrychium
: Gray (sent specimens and notes to him), Lesquereux (Austin received specimens and notes from him), Wright (Lemnaceae from Cuba), Nuttall, Macoun, Dr. Torrey, Hegelmaier, New York botanist interested in Lemans (September 23, 187?), Leggett, Parker, Henry Gillman (has Wolffia
in flower), Schweinitz, Sullivant, Mr. James, and Col. E. Jewett.
: Sam's Point on Shawanqunk Mt.,New York; Orange County; Pigeon River Falls; Europe (and various plants from Europe); British America; Lake Superior; Lake Huron country; Japan; Pennsylvania; Oregon; Lake Ontario (Big Sandy Bay); Florida (expedition for Musci); Delaware County, New York; Arkansas; western mountains, and Patagonia.
Austin, E. P.
Assistant U. S. Lake Survey. Oconto, WI, Washington, DC
4 Messages July 16, 1863 – April 6, 1867
: Sending box of specimens of Pinus banksiana
of which he was unable to find open cones. Includes descriptions on cones and field notes.
, and Abies
Bache, Alexander Dallas 1806-1867
Superintendent, Coast Survey Office, Washington, DC
1 Message November 21, 1859
: Request for geographical information for North America profiles. (List of botanists by Engelmann on reverse of letter).
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887
Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC; Carlisle, PA; Cleveland, OH; Elizabethtown, Rochester, NY
70 Messages December 18, 1850 – May 9, 1881
: Request for procurement of specimens of reptiles from Missouri for centennial.
Limitations concerning purchase of books and transmission of articles of natural history or archaelology from abroad for Engelmann and Shaw; possibility of obtaining the items by exchange or donations rather than by direct purchase. Engelmann's collecting of acting as director of collections of plants and animals for the Smithsonian.
Formulas for preservative. (Feb., 1859) (Apr. 27, 1855).
Financial and transportation arrangements for collections.
Disturbances in the Smithsonian.
Details of printing illustrations.
Expeditions to the Bering Straits and Northern California.
Collectors: Thos. C. Porter, Dr. Drake, Dr. H. C. Prout, Mr. M. Rengil, Dr. Leidy, Mr. Culbert, Fendler, Wislizenus, Dr. Le Conte, Dr. Hammond, Mr. Harvey, Charles Wright, Dr. Carl Scheryer of Vienna, Rearney, Price Paul, Major Emory, Dr. Berlandier, Lt. Donaldson at Ft. Union and Lt. Mullen at St. Paul, Dr. Hayden, John Polts of Chihuahua, Glasgow Bros., Dr. Bigelow, Dr. J. S. Newberry, Dr. Sterling, Lt. Warren, T. O. Weyel, Robert Rennicott, Dr. Cories, Dr. Parry, Prof. W. H. Brewer, Bolander, Dr. Palmer, Mr. Sander, Agents & Capt. van Vliet, Choteau & Co.,General S. Churchill, Prof. Lichtenstein and the Prussian Council, Prof. Henry Henkels.
Baird, William F. 1830-? (from 1880 census)
Agent, Bloomington Nursery (Baird & Tuttle, Agents) Bloomington, IL
1 Messages January 27, 1881
: Request for determination of wild grape by seed enclosed and description.
: Dr. Vasey.
Baker, Charles Henry
1 Message August 31, 1878
: Request for information on localities where Nelumbium luteum
may be found.
Baker, John Gilbert 1834-1920
Royal Herbarium, Kew
4 Messages October 1, 1870 – November 5, 1873
: Mr. Wilson Saunders establishing Refugium Botanicum with intentions of a yearly publication. Mr. Saunder's bankruptcy and collections dispersed.
Extensive discussion of Yucca
and related plants and their study in England being in a cloudy state.
Statement that Engelmann misinformed about Yucca treculiana Carriere
Set of Yucca
specimens cultivated in England forwarded through Smithsonian.
Plant naming rules.
: Hesperalõe, Sedum
: Principal men cultivating Yucca
in England: Mr. Thos. Moore, Rev. Ellacombe, Mr. Adair, Dr. Parry, Dr. Gray, and H. G. Reichenbach.
Bandelier, Adolph Francis Alphonse 1840-1914
11 Messages March 6, 1862 – December 23, 1882
(Some translated from German)
: Meteorological observations in Highland.
Receipt of cacti from Engelmann.
Bandelier's son's expedition to Vera Cruz.
Bandelier's archaeological studies.
Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter 1809-1889
Chairman of the Committee of the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC
1 Message May 20, 1864
: Design for the seal of the National Academy of Sciences.
Barnes, George William 1825-1890
President, San Diego Society of Natural History, San Diego, CA
1 Message November 23, 1875
: Relationship between tree and forest culture on the falls of rain and snow on western prairies and railroads.
Barroeta, Gregorio Corbalan 1831-1906
San Luis Potosi, Mexico
7 Messages September 4, 1878 – April 25, 1882
: Opuntia tunicata
, common name Clarellina, with field notes.
Sending Tuna cardona, Tuna cuija, Opuntia
Description of lechuguilla
Description of uses and origin of 'Amolli.'
Discussion of fibers and mescal alcohol from Agave
Results of snow on vegetation in Tierra Caliente.
Sending specimens of Yucca
and palms in roadworks between San Luis and Tampico.
Meterological investigations of 1880 from San Luis Potosi.
: Dr. C. C. Parry, Dr. Ed. Palmer and Mr. von Mueller.
: Monterey, San Antonio, Texas; and Monterey, Mexico.
Bartholf, Dr. John H.
U. S. Army, Camp Harney, OR
9 Messages April 5, 1875 – June 2, 1876
: Sending seeds and specimens of Ranunculus, Viola (Nuttall's) with field notes and soil conditions noted.
, Eastern quamash, Hyacinth
, Mallows, Prunus
, and Pomeae.
: Capt. Bendire.
Barton, Edward Hall 1796-1859
New Orleans, LA
3 Messages April 15, 1854 – January 10, 1856
: Climate and meteorological conditions in New Orleans particularly as related to yellow fever, cholera and heat related conditions, with climate records kept for Engelmann; report of the Sanitary Commission and reports for the Smithsonian.
: La Roche, Dr. Barnes.
Bary, Heinrich Anton de 1831-1888
Strasbourg/ Strassburg France/Germany
6 Messages April 24, 1868- March 1880
German originals. Transliterations and translations.
: Cythis biology; cholera contagium "fraud"; Yucca pollination;Specimen exchanges and associated transport problems. University and city rebuilding. Health problems of family and friends.
: Characaea; Cythis; Prosopanche; Ranunculus; Azolla; Okra; Vitio; Yucca.
: Antiarch; Prodoxa; Colorado beetles
: Ernst Hallier; Dr.Finder; Hermann Müller; Schimpfer; Braun; Mrs. Caspary; Buchinger
Note: 1st message is from de Bary to Braun and was forwarded to Engelmann.
Bastin, Edison Sewell 1843-1897
The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1 Message August 12, 1877
: Indentification of cactus from Pine Station in northwestern Indiana.
Baston, L. B.
Captain, U. S. Army, Fort Leavenworth, MO
1 Message August 25, 1847
(Letter to Lt. Col. Aeneas. E. Mackay -1850)
: Receipt of plant collections from the West.
Baugh, Edwin. P. 1831-1888
Baugh & Sons, Manufacturer of Animal Charcoal, Philadelphia, PA
1 Message February 26, 1881
: Request for information on petrified bone from Dallas, Texas, received from H. B. O'Reilly and on locating mineral phosphate in the West.
Imperial German Consulate, St. Louis, MO
3 Messages September 3, 1881 – October 22, 1881
: Receipt of cacti and request for information on cultivation of pecan and black walnut trees in Germany.
Bebb, Michael Schuck 1833-1895
Fountaindale, Springfield and Rockford, IL
U. S. Pension Office; U. S. Patent Office; Washington, DC
21 Messages April 22, 1859 – July 7, 1882
,* and Quercus
* collections and determinations in Sierra Nevada, California and Colorado.
Engelmann's trip to San Francisco.
: Alismaceae, Pulsatilla
collections in northern Illinois.
: Dr. Chapman - Bebb questions his Juncus
Mr. Tatnall, Lindheimer, Mr. E. Hall, Mr. Canby, Mr. Olney, Andersson, Hartweg, Dr. Hooker, Gray's herbarium, Geyer's collections, Watson, Babcock and Dr. Parry.
Beccari, Oloardo 1843-1920
Director of Botanical Garden and Museum, Florence, Italy. (translations)
3 Messages April 2, 1879 – April 8, 1880
, and wild vines from America. Beccari's resignation as director of the museum.
Beck, Charles 1827-1906
Martindale Conservatory and Green Houses, Dayton, OH
1 Message July 14, 1879
: Propagation of Agave
and offer of some to Engelmann.
Beckwith, Edward Griffen 1818-1881
2 Messages December 14, 1854 – May 22, 1855
: Error in Engelmann's report (for the Pacific RR).
: Dr. Jacob (aka James) Heinrich Wilhelm Schiel.
Behr, Hans Herman 1818-1904
San Francisco, CA
4 Messages July 11, 1860-March 8, 1864
: Inabililty to furnish native California plants de to lack of time, equipment and specimens. Desire to obtain butterfly specimen from St. Louis area. Problems with Natural History Society.
: Ceanothus, Chenopodium, Erigeron, Garrya, Austratian acacia, Kennedia, Clianthus, Eucalyptus, Pittosporum, Typha, Nelumbium, Nuphar, Alismtaceae, Cuscuta, Sagittaria, Salicornia, Euphorbia, Pterospora, Pinus, Castilleja, Calochortus, cactus, Rhus, Cotinus, Neurada, Buxus, Cressa, Isomeris, Quercus, Adenostoma.
: Enno Sander, Albert Kellogg, Mr. Roder, Henry Bollander.
: San Fransico, Los Angeles, San bernadino, San Diego, Baja, Clear Lake.
Bendire, Charles 1836-1897
Capt., U. S. Army. Camp Harney, OR; Fort Walla, Washington Territory
16 Messages November 7, 1874 – May 14, 1879
: Descriptions and collections of plants at each location.
Good descriptions of locale where collections made.
Nez Perce campaign and court martial of Bendire.
Yakima Indian tribe.
Collection of skulls for Engelmann's son.
, mountain mahogany, willows, cottonwoods, wild fica vines, Viola beckwithii
,* wild cherry, buttercups.
: Yellowstone River, Fort Boise, John Day River.
Bennett, (Mrs. Charles H.)
Pipe Stone City, Pipe Stone County, MN
1 Messages July 10, 1883
: Sending Engelmann cacti specimens in response to request of Prof. Warren Upham, Assistant to State Geologist, with descriptions of plants.
Bennett, James Lawrence 1832-1904
Herbarium, Brown University, Providence, RI
2 Messages November 18, 1880 – April 8, 1881
: Delay in determinations of Mr. Olney's material prepared for his "Carices Boreali-Americanae"; [Henry] Eggert's collection for Bennett.
Bentham, George 1800-1884
4 Messages April 20, 1858 – October 21, 1879
: North Brazil and Venezuela plant collection for sale from Mr. Spruce. Planchon's arrangement of Araliaceae in Revue Horticole
. Wright's notes on Hong Kong plants, e.g. Cassia
. Descriptions of Phoradendron
as compared to Arceuthobium
. Extensive discussion of Coniferae
. (Aug., 1879) systematic arrangement.
: de Candolle, Hooker
See also Box 12, Botanical Notebook 27, folder 5 (May 23, 1879).
Berge, Ernst von 1836-1897
1 Message February 12, 1883
: Prospective negotiations for cacti as a commercial venture, mentioning Baron Eggers, Messrs. Haage and Schmidt (Seedsmen) and Mr. P. A. von Essen.
Bernays, Dr. Francis Jacob 1818-1894
St. Genevieve, MO
1 Message February 8, 1877
(German - no translation)
: Glycine chinensis
Bertolet, Robert Morris 1846-1882
Fort Bayard, NM
1 Message November 5, 1877
: Collections of Agave
: Mr. Edward Greene.
Bessey, Charles Edwin 1845-1915
Iowa Agricultural College, Ames, IA
4 Messages. August 2, 1876 – February 21, 1881
: Requests for material on Dr. Engelmann for planned publication "Progress of Botany in the U. S. in the Year 1880" to be in American Naturalist
(Letter of Sept. 4, 1880 directed to Dr. George J. Engelmann, Jr. as Engelmann is in the West).
Bigelow, John Milton 1804-1878
Camp at the mouth of the Canon on Rio Grande sixty miles below San Elceano, TX; near El Paso del Norte; Camp Sumner opposite Presidio del Norte; Eagle Pass, San Antonio, TX; Steam Boat "Empire State", Ohio River; Lancaster, OH; Steamer "James Robb"; Fort Smith, AR; Albuquerque (NM)
12 Messages January 24, 1852 – November 9, 1853
: Bigelow's collections as part of the survey of Lt. A. W. Whipple.
The final results were published in Reports of Explorations and Surveys for a Railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean
. Vol IV. 1856.
: Musci collections sent to Mr. Sullivant for determination, Cereus*
from El Paso and Lake Gusman, Fouquiera
, Bignonieae, Opuntia gracilis
compared with O. vaginata
, Cereus dasyacanthus,* Cereus roemeri,* Mamillaria*
(notes from Eagle Pass, Texas), Yucca*
(synonym for Mamillaria
relating to controversy with Mr. Wright.
: Dr. Gray, Dr. Torrey, Mr. Sullivant, Mr. Wright, Major Emory, Wislizenus' report, Dr. Parry, Mr. Schott, Mr. Sweet.
: Leona Station, E. Texas; Frontera; Cibilo; Rio Colorado trip with Lt. Whipple.
Lancaster, OH; Davenport, [IA]
26 Messages February 13, 1855 – January 27, 1859
: Bigelow confers with Engelmann about publication of the report on the collections in the Southwest with Lt. Whipple's party. Discussions of difficulties.
Bigelow's map of cacti indicating sections and subsections and species by color.
Bigelow's making a living from medicine and surgery.
Rewriting of report, delays, discussion of mistakes in names of specimens in the report.
Speculation about Congressional bills regarding financing of Pacific Railroad
: Cereus,* Yucca,*
collections (May 19, 1855); Yucca
- description of that growing near Sierra Nevada. Echinocactus
- history of collection sites (July 16, 1855). Opuntia
germination (Aug. 10, 1855). Pinus
and wood of Sequoia
: Lt. Tidball, Mollhauser, Linnaeus' divisions and Dr. Torrey, Capt. Whipple, Prince Salm's division of Cerei, Mr. Ewing, Dr. Shumard, Jefferson Davis (Secretary of War), Le Conte, Mr. Campbell - pine cone drawings and collections from Mohave and Mr. Roetter's pine cone drawings.
: Congressional Garden in Washington; Cactus Pass; Colorado (Echinocactus
Office of A & A W. Lake Survey, Detroit, MI
4 Messages March 27, 1863 – September 20, 1863
: Bigelow's meteorological observations for Engelmann.
Engelmann' skill as a meteorological observer.
Discussion of wet bulb, dry bulb techniques, and instructions given by Smithsonian.
Observer; Engelmann's psycrometer better.
Collections in Lake Superior District.
: Picea nigra
- Engelmann has found growing as a native, also from Green Bay. Descriptions of locale where spruces were collected, both living and herbarium specimens.
: Prof. Guyot, Mr. Austin, Dr. Parry and Mr. Roetter.
15 Messages March 20, 1865 – March 23, 1866
: Collections of water plants, particularly water lilies, for Engelmann as part of the Lake Survey.
Collections of John A. Paine in Utica, New York and environs.
Sending of abstract of the barometer and thermometer readings for past year.
Quotes Paine's description of Nymphaea
, various species. (Mar. 23, 1866)
Reflections on the development of his botanical career. (op. cit)
from Bay of Bodega and San Francisco, California, Nymphaea
, various species. - extensive discussions and notes; Isoetes
, various species. - extensive discussion and notes; Nais zanichella
- Lindley's hydral alliances description; Potomogeton
and Nitella - fruit from Bloody Run.
: Dr. Parry, Winchell's list of Isoetes
, Dr. Torrey, Gray, E. P. Austin in Nautical Almanac Office, Cambridge, Mr. Schott, John A. Paine.
: Bloody*; Common Creek, Detroit River; Grand Marais, Park Marsh*; May's Creek and Belle Isle.
36 Messages June 8, 1866 – March 11, 1874
: Collections of water plants for Lake Survey, particularly Juncaceae. Collections of Vitaceae for Engelmann, references to Winchell's cat.
Discussion of Austin's collection of Juncus
Description of locales where Nuphar
was collected. (6-9-1866)
Methods of storage of specimens. (6-25-1866)
Light hearted controversy between Parry and Bigelow.
Difficulties in collections of flower and fruit of Lemna
Reflections on plans for living "Cactareum."
parasitic fungus from Nesaea verticillata - effect on cattle. Nuphar
, Nelumbiaceae and Cobombaceae, Equisetum
, Lemna,* Wolffia,* Vitis
, Sambuci, Nicotiana
, Libocendrus, Loranthaceae, and Sargassum
: E. P. Austin, Schott, Wright, Thurber, W. Wheeler of Lake Survey, Elliot, Dr. Sartwell, Father Holzer, Prof. Leidy, Lewis, Mr. Gilamn, Mr. Foote, Mr. Marr of Lake Survey, Filman, Lindley, Burnett, and Winchell.
Bishop, James Nathaniel 1851-1906
Black, A. R. (Archibald Ray), 1823-1889
Rocky Point, New Hanover Co., NC
1 Message May 10, 1871
: Pine collections for Engelmann.
Blodget, Lorin, 1823-1901
Philadelphia, [PA] Office of the Board of Trade.
2 Messages June 6, 1853 – June 20, 1863
: Meteorological observations at different altitudes.
Böcking, H. V. (Boecking)
Blair Co., PA
1 Message. December 15, 1859
(German with translation)
includes 1 Message from Boi Veler to Engelmann marked January 31, 1857
: Exchange of North American plants for alpine flora of Pennsylvania.
Boissier, Edmond Pierre 1810-1885
Geneva [Switzerland]; Valynes or Valeynes, Canton Appenzall.
21 Messages May 14, 1859 – December 28, 1887
(French - some translations)
: Friedrich Klotzsch, Alphonse de Candolle, Asa Gray, Georg Mettenius, Alexander Braun, Georges François Reuter.
: Paris, London.
Bolander, Henry Nicholas 1831-1897
San Francisco, CA; Ukiah; Mendocino County, Monterey, [CA]; Yosemite Valley, [CA]; Mariposa Big Tree Grove and Sacramento, CA
54 Messages October 15, 1863 – December 5, 1866
, February 5, 1867 – May 16, 1878
(Mostly German with translations)
: Bolander is a teacher who collects botanical specimens for various botanists in the Eastern U. S., European botanist and collects for and complains to Engelmann about his treatment by other botanists.
Preparation of catalogue of Yosemite plants.
Preparation of distribution map of conifers.
- Douglas' findings. Sequoia,*
Carices at high altitudes, California mosses and other cryptograms (in later letters interested in working with these himself), Juncus
, oaks* (Kellogg's collections), Chara
from Rapier River, Marsilia
, aquatic and bog plants* (10-19-1865), Callitriche
, Cast. ohrysophylla
, grasses, Tsuga
, and Ranunculus*
- dispute of identification by Prof. Wood. Lemna
, at Tamal Pais, Abies
: Prof. Brewer's survey, Mr. Lelson, Prof. Gray, Prof. Tuckerman, Dr. Behr, Dr. Torrey, Hall, Bebb, Canby, Parry, Canfield, Prof. Whitney, Kellog, Murray, Dr. Hillebrand's collection in Sierra, Baron Leonard, Mr. Lenormand, de Candolle and oaks of San Francisco, Mr. King, Arenson, Braun, Dr. Gottsche, Prof. Palatore, Dr. Cooper, Dr. Panz, Dr. Bernstein.
: Monte de Diablo, Marion Co., Nevada Territory, Santa Cruz, Vesalia, Anderson Valley, Aubrun, Tamal Pais,* Clear Lake,* Santa Barbara coal oil fields, Reese River in Nevada, Geyersville, Rapier River,* Marysville, Lake Borax, Mission Dolores - western suburb of San Francisco, Natahole River, Bolander's trip to Guatemala.
Bolle, Carl 1821-1909
5 Messages July 11, 1858 – January 3, 1880
(German with translations)
: His work with Gramineae and exchanges of plants.
Interest in trees, particularly Ulmus*
from Serbia, with climate relationship.
: Prof. Braun, Mr. Thurber, Alexander von Homeyer, Mr. Pancik, Sargent, Berlin Committee on Woodland Science.
: Estate in Scharfenberg, Potsdam, Germany, Norway, East Prussia, Vienna.
Booth, John Cornelius 1836-1909
Klein Flottbeck, Germany
1 Message January 24, 1880
Request for publication information about Douglas Pine and American trees.
Carl A. Bolle, J. Hooker.
Boott, William 1805-1886
18 Messages September 1, 1866 – April 3, 1882
: Collections of Isoetes*
for Engelmann et al.
Harbor Commission affecting growing conditions for plants.
Pond conditions, mineral deposits caused by tidal flows.
Map of Isoetes
collections. (September 1866)
: Isoetes,* Scirpius
, various species; Aster
with habitat descriptions where Isoetes
growing with Isoetes*
: Prof. Braun, Mr. Durant(?).
Bornet, Edouard 1828-1911
Paris and Rutibes, [France] s/b Antibes France?
2 Messages July 7, 1875 – July 20, 1876
(French with translations)
: Discussion of Yucca
Cypresses cultivated by Mr. Thuret.
Collections in Antibes and Nice, France
: M. Decaisne, Asa Gray.
Bracht, Felix, M.D. 1808-1882
Valley P. Office, Guadaloupe County, TX
1 Photo 1873
: Bracht, Felix (portrait)
Valley P. Office, Guadaloupe County, TX
1 Message May 12, 1873
(Translated from German)
Bracht to Engelmann
: Lamenting poor attitude communities have towards doctors and scientists; feels American politics is the “pits.”
Diagnosis of icterus.
: Lindheimer, Professor Gaillard, Professor Kapp.
: New Braunfels.
Brandegee, Townshend Stith 1843-1925
Canon City, CO; Camp on the La Plata; Berlin, CT; Camp on the Cristones; Canon of the Arkansas; Canoncito, Santa Fe, NM; Alpine, Coal Ck. Canon, Camp Mt. Marcellina, Irwin, St. Elmo, CO
34 Messages April 7, 1873 - December 13, 1882
: An extensive correspondence relating to collections in the Southwest which includes many detailed field notes and diagrams.
(11-27-1874); Cactaceae, Cuscuta
, Pinus,* Quercus,* Picea
, Juniperus,* Mentzelia,* Arceuthobium
as a parasite on various conifers, Galium,* Phoradendron.*
: Prof. Thomas Porter,* D. C. Eaton, J. H. Redfield - aid in identifying specimens.
Clarence King's report, Mr Putman, Dr. Briggs, Mr. Knapp, E. Hall, Mrs. Cheetz, Dr. Gray, Mr. Watson, Dr. Newberry, McComb's expedition, Hayden's annual report, Dr. Hooker, Prof. Peck, Mr. Sargent, D. Brigg's death, Dr. Gray, Mr. Thompson and Mr. Putman - discussion of Mentzelia,
Mr. Meehan - discussion of Abies concolor
: Oak Creek Canon, Colorado Springs, Pikes' Peak, South Park Road, Ute Pass Road, Fremont County, Sangre de Cristo Mts., Las Pinos Pass, La Platta Mts., Rio Grande, Utah, Arizona, Sierra La Plata, Canon City,* Manitou, San Juan Valley, Animas Valley, Rio Manios, Arkansas Canon, head of Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, Mill Mill Creek, My Ouray, Canon of the Arkansas, Platte Canon, Santa Fe, St. Elmo, Gunnison City, Ute Reservation.
Braun, Alexander Carl Heinrich 1805-1877
1 Message. April 15, 1866
(German - no translation) Folder 1
Braun to E. Hall. Athens.
5 Messages February 11, 1867 - January 18, 1868
Braun to George Engelmann
Subjects: Isoetes. George Engelmann Jr.’s best options for his education. Help with identification of Characeae.
People: George Engelmann, Jr.
16 Mss March 18, 1866 – August 2, 1870
Engelmann to Braun
Subjects: Extensive discussion of Isoetes species determinations, naming, and distinctions with some lists of collections sites, notes, etc.
Brief discussion of Lemna and Equisetum sp.
Braun, Johannes 1859-1893
1 Message May 1, 1883
: Exchange of plants, particularly cactus.
Brendel, Friedrich 1820-1912
29 Messages May 13, 1852 – May 12, 1883
: Brendel's medical practice and that of others in the German population of Peoria.
Brendel's work with geographical distribution of plants.
Collections of reptiles and fish for Washington.
, Bryophytes, Pulsatilla
, Glumaceae, Nelumbiuma
, Quercus,* Peraphyllum
, and Hydrolea
in Pulaski County.
: Mr. Wieland, Fremont, Emory, Carl Muller, Oberhauser, Wislizenus, Jacques Gay's work with Quercus
, Grebel, Mr. Ord of St. Louis, Martin and Jens Vahl with biographical information, Dr. Parry.
Brewer, Thomas Mayo 1814-1880
Bar Harbor, ME
1 Message July 30, 1877
: A collector friend has difficulties with the Indians in Indian Valley, Idaho.
Brewer, William Henry 1828-1910
Office of the Geological Survey of California, San Francisco, CA
Sheffield Scientific School at Yale College, New Haven, CT; Cambridge, MA
46 Messages December 3, 1863 – April 22, 1880
: Employment by the State Geological Society. Effects of altitude and temperature on growing plants.
Publication of Flora of California and Botany of the Western U. S. including requests for help from Engelmann with the plants he is most expert with.
Work in Microscopic Fungi "rusts, smuts, mildew, etc."
: Coniferae - Pinus
Cactaceae - Cereus
, etc. (request for help with). Yucca,* Nuphar
, Loranthaceae, collected by Brewer, Cooper and Horn.
- Cupressus macrocarpa
- notes in November 14, 1879.
collections with descriptive notes in San Luis Obispo, Santa Margarit Valley, upper Salinas Valley, Sierras, "Laguna" southwest of the Soledad Mission, San Francisco. (3-7-1866)
Ephedra used as a tea by prospectors and for medicinal properties.
: Mr. Bolander,* Eaton,* Thurber, Boott, Dr. Parry, Dr. Kellogg, Dr. Gray,* Prof. Whitney,* Dr. Hillebrand, Manzel(?), Wossnessensky, Mr. Gabb of California Geological Survey, Mr Watson,* Dr. Lobb Murrey, Savage of Salt Lake, Hoffman, Dr. C. L. Anderson of Santa Cruz, Whitney, Jeffries' collections in British Columbia.
: Sierras at various altitudes, Ebbett's Pass, Camp Ross, peninsula of Lower California, Roky Mts., Monterey, Siskeyou Mts., Santa Lucia Mts., Point Conception, valleys of Lake Tahoe, San Gabriel, San Joaquin, Mt. Shasta, Silver Trail from Calaveras Big Tree Grove to Silver Mountain, Clark's Ranch, San Bernhardin Mts., Duffield's Ranch, in hills of Sierras between Yuba and Toulumne River, Picea
collected in 1864 in southern Sierra Nevada.
Briscoe, Thomas D.
Britton, Nathaniel Lord 1859-1934
SI[Staten Island], NY
3 Messages July 4, 1879 – December 10, 1879
collected by Prof. Peck on Coney Island and Mr. H. P. Worcester of Norfolk, VA; Torrey Club.
Broadhead, Garland Carr 1827-1912
Pleasant Hill, Cass County, MO; Toronto and El Dorado, KS
53 Messages April 22, 1864 – May 27, 1882
: Broadhead is a geologist working on the state surveys and collecting for Engelmann.
Blooming dates given in many of the spring and fall letters.
Meteorological observations and the effects of weather and climate on plants.
Observations on the effect of the substrata on distributions of plants; in many cases gives exact locations for particular species.
: Quercus,* Erythronium
, Baptisia,* Lithospermum
, Verbena,* Amphiachyris
, Boltonia,* Corydalis,* Salvia,* Anemone
, Troximon,* Aquilegia,* Delphinium,* Vicia
, Gentiana,* Hibiscus
, Viola,* Dicentra
, Isoxynum, Lobelia,
peculiar orchid,* Eupatorium
connection with milk sickup, Leman
, various grasses, Gerardia,* Silene
, Vitis,* Yucca angustifolia
, Abies (Pseudotsuga
: Collections in Missouri, (several counties in both Missouri and Kansas) Kansas, Illinois, Colorado, New Mexico with specific locale given for a particular species collected in many instances.
Description on the geology in Cass County Missouri with plant associations. (4-22-1864)
Brongniart, Adolphe Theodore 1801-1876
1 Message March 6, 1860
(French -English translation)
Brief, general description of cacti, Gramineae and Cuscuta. Request for cacti and Graminae seeds.
Brown, Addison 1830-1913
Vice President, Torrey Club, New York, NY
1 Message November 7, 1879
: Work with adventive botany.
Brown, Benjamin Boyer, M.D. 1809-1863
St. Louis, MO; Sacramento, CA
3 Messages February 8, 1840 – January 13, 1852
February 8, 1840 To Engelmann in Georgetown
March 11, 1840 To Engelmann in New York
January 13, 1852
: Collections in California.
Purchase and sale of medical instruments and Medical Society.
Brown, John Croumbie
Bruhin, Thomas Aquina 1835-1896
New Coeln, WI
St. Helena, NE
6 Messages October 26, 1874 – October 25, 1881
(German with some English translations)
: Request for aid with Euphorbia
in preparation of Prodromus florae Novae Coliniae.
: Plants of Nebraska discussed with descriptions and disagreement with determinations of others: Euphorbia
Brunet, Ovide 1826-1876
9 Messages December 26, 1862 – May 12, 1869
(French with English translations)
Discussion of Abies
Filippo Parlatore, Karl Geyer, Asa Gray, Michel Durieu
Buchenau, Franz Georg Philip 1831-1906
22 Messages September 9, 1865 – November 6, 1881
(Translated from German)
: Flora of Breman and East Friesland Islands.
Desire for exchange of specimens.
problems and possible solutions (in Europe).
from South America, Europe, Rocky Mts., Liebnau, 2nd German North Pole Expedition, New York, East Freisland Islands, species in Plantae Oregonensis, Himalayas. Alismaceae, Najadaceae, Convovulaceae, Luzula
, Butomaceae, Echinodorus
, Juncaceae monograph.
: Great praise for Braun, Smithsonian, Janisch, Pfeiffer - "snail Pfeiffer", A. Gray (note in letter of 2-6-1868), Ascherson, Garcke, Prof. Dr. Grafe, Braun's fight with the Leopold Academy, Focke's publication, Rust, Dr. Schumacher, Dr. Boissier, Eichler working on Braun's paper, Gobel's criticism of Braun.
Buchinger, Jean Daniel 1803-1888
2 Messages June 2, 1868 – August, 1868
(German - with English translation)
Engelmann’s trip to Strasbourg. Meeting with Frederic Weber to discuss cacti. Inquiry about Melanie Kalmbacher.
Buckley, Samuel Botsford 1809-1884
Black's Bluff, Allenton, AL; New York, West Dresden, NY; Shreveport, LA
15 Messages May 22, 1839 – February 28, 1860
: Desire for exchange of specimens, particularly fossils and shells for plant specimens.
Desire for rare plant specimens from St. Louis, Texas and Rocky Mts.
Collections in Texas.
which Engelmann wished him to collect, Cuscuta
: Mr. Jean-Baptiste Duerinck (1809-1857) in Cincinnati, Andrew Buchanan in St. Louis, Dr. Prout, Dr.Short, Mr. Moses Curtis of North Carolina, Prof. Carpenter of Louisiana, Dr. Shumard - wish to spend summer with him in Texas, Lindheimer.
: Muscle Shoals on the Tennessee River, mountains of Tennessee, North Carolina, Virgina, and Florida.
Budd, Joseph Lancaster 1834-1904
Iowa State Agriculture College, Ames, IA
1 Message May 26, 1880
: North American Abies
Burbridge, Frederick William Thomas 1847-1905
The Garden Office, London, [England]
1 Message August 22, 1876
Burdick, Justin Herbert 1851-1939
Burk, Issac 1816-1893
Bush, Benjamin Franklin 1858-1937
8 Messages October 31, 1880 – August 6, 1883
:Collections for Engelmann and possible publication of a Missouri Flora.
Plants:Physalis, Nasturtium, Cornus, Potentilla, Quercus, others.
(New species with habitat descriptions).
People: Rev. McMann, George W. Letterman, Cameron Mann, Mary Murtfeldt, Dr. Gustav Egeling.
Bush, Isidor 1822-1895
St. Louis; Bushberg Grape Nurseries Vineyards and Orchards, Brushberg, MO
5 Messages November 21, 1874 – November 7, 1882
: Agreement to use Engelmann's classification in catalogue.
Development of stock with different rootstock.
:Clinton, Taylor, Bullet, Delaware - grape varieties.
:Prosper Jules Berckmans (pomologist), McMurtie (chief U. S. chemist).
Butler, George Dexter 1850-1910
Little Rock, AR.; Atoka Indian Territory; Stringtown Indian Territory; Almont, IA; Oro Fino, Siskiyou County, CA
34 Messages April 21, 1873 – June 16, 1880
:Collections for Engelmann in the Southwest, Iowa and California.
Discussion of disagreement between Bessey and Arthur vs. Burgess and its effect on botany.
Collection lists with dates and descriptions of locations and plants.
:Yucca, Tradescantia, Amianthium, Astragalus, Oxybaphus
, Lathyrus, Sedum, Sagittaria, Amorpha
, leguminous tress, Isoetes
, list of oaks in vicinity, Plantago heterophylla
- absent in region, Cooperia drummondii, Crataegus
, Nemastylis, Monarda
, Umbelliferae, Sertaria
, Arenaria, Baptisia, Sayina
, Rhus, Luzula
species growing together, and Commelina
collected or described in the Southwest.
Nelumbiaceae and Alisimaceae in area, Isoetes
, Taxus, Oxybaphus
, honey locust, Coreopsis, Chenopodium, Salix
collected or described from the vicinity of Almont, Iowa.
(Names found only on collection lists are not given though much information is given on the lists).
: Parry, Sargent and Engelmann's intended visit to California. Mr. Boott, Prof. Hayden, Rev. E. L. Green in Yreka, Siskiyou County, California.
Cabell, Edward Carrington 1816-1896
St. Louis Immigration Society, St. Louis, MO
2 Messages June 9, 1880 – July 5, 1880
: Desire for Engelmann papers on climatology for a report.
Campbell, Albert Henry 1826-1899
Canby, William Marriot 1831-1904
Willmington, DE; Philadelphia, Chaddsford, PA; Appledore, Isles of Shoals, off Portsmouth, NH
March 7, 1862 - November 27, 1866
, May 10, 1867 - October 31,1874
, January 30, 1875 - May 27, 1884
: Collections for Engelmann and exchange of specimens.
Discussions of systemization and names.
: Cuscuta,* Isoetes,* Pinus,* Sagittaria* and Juncus* from the Location Pine Barrens in New Jersey, New Castle County, eastern shore of Maryland. Isoetes from the Wimico River (Maryland), Belleville, Canada West, Cape Fear River, Pocono Mts., Stone Mt., St. John's River, Harpers Ferry, Colorado, Pike's, Peak, Stone Mt., Georgia, Baptisia,* particularly in Florida.Lemna, Carya* (Folder 3 only), Boltonia, from Mts. of Peru, Amianthus from Stone, Mt. Wolffia,* Equisetum, Solidago, Vitis, Saccharata, in Salisbury, Maryland. Pachistima from mountains of southwest Virginia, Taxodium from St. John's River, Potamogeton, Nuphar sagittarifolia from Eagle Island.
Habitat/species relationships with good plant descriptions of starred plant throughout series.
Map of New Castle area
and description of geography of area in letter of 11-27-1866,
: E. Durand (letter of 6-16-1866 addressed to Durand), Mr. Commons,* Mr. Durieu (?), Mr. Tatnall,* Mr. J. Macoun, Horace Mann, T. J. Allen, Mr. Bebb and Mr. Hall, Dr. Gray,* Mr. Boott, Bolander, Prof. Green, Prof. Porter, Dr. Robbins, Dr. Chester Dewey and Henry P. Sartwell, Dr. Chapman being deprived of position as collector of Port of Apalachicola, Florida; Fendler* (1872 -); Mellichamp; Parry; Mr. Redfield; Parlatore; Prof. Pumphrey (?).
Candolle, Alphonse Louis Pierre Pyramus de 1806-1893
7 Messages January 26, 1859 – June 3, 1879
(French - English translations)
: Exchange and receipt of plants and written materials. Social unrest in Europe. Work on several monographs and books. Death of his daughter, Mrs. Richard Pietet. U.S. Civil War’s effects on correspodences. St. Louis bond payments. Damage to Quercus specimens. Loss of Euphorbia specimens. Complains about Mexican botanists.
: Quercus, Cuscuta, Cactaceae, Dicotyledones, Begoniaceae, Euphorbia.
: Gray, Choisy, Molly, Boissier, Baillon, Augustin de Candolle, Mueller, Dr. Miquel, Darwin, Casimir de Candolle,
Canfield, Colbert A., M.D. 1828-1872
2 Messages September 1, 1866 and March 23, 1871
: Collections for Engelmann of Coniferae,* Juncaceae, Yucca,* Cuscuta, Isoetes, Alisma, Nuphar, Cenphorbia in San Luis Obispo and Punta de los Pinos and San Antonio Mts.
Carey, John 1797-1880
Carpenter, William Marbury 1811-1848
1 Message July 11, 1842
: Desire to collect for Engelmann in Louisiana, particularly Cuscuta and Carex.
Carruthers, William 1830-1922
1 Message September 16, 1869
: Sending Murray's tract to Engelmann.
Caruel, Teodoro 1830-1898
Prof. of Botany, Medical School, Florence [Italy]
Brighton, England, Artignano, near Leghorn [Italy]
16 Messages April 19, 1864 – August 14, 1880
: Work with morphology of fruit, especially Ribes.
Flora of Tuscany.
Suppression of medical school.
History of wild grape, wine grape diseases, etc.
Directorship of Botanic Garden in Florence.
Hooker/Ayrton difficulties at Kew Garden.
: DeVisiani, Cesati, Prof. Braun, Rolli, Gray, Dr. Buchenan, Pedicino, Licapoli, Pasquale,
Planchon, Mr. Baroni, Dr. Masters, Bell, Parlatore, Ducharte, LeConte, Bengham, Savj, Oliver, Beccari, Baker, Arcangeli.
: Botanic Gardens in Florence, Kew, Botanical Museum at Florence (director), University of Pisa.
Cary, Thomas Greaves 1824-1888
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, MA
2 Messages August 6, 1872 and September 6, 1872
: Information about shipment of cactus from Agassiz.
(List of desiderata in Engelmann's handwriting on back).
Case, Francis M.
Denver, CT [Colorado Territory]
2 Messages March 10, 1863 and April 7, 1863
: Meteorological observations and discussion of relationship between climate and plant type and growth in Colorado.
Case, L. B.
Seed and plant merchant, Richmond, IN
5 Messages October 21, 1878 – December 6 1880
: Request of help from Engelmann in correcting information in an issue of Case's Botanical Index, an article of history of Engelmann's trip through "wild country" and an article on Sagittaria.
Caspary, Robert 1818-1887
Poppelsdorf, Bonn [Germany], Koenigsberg [Germany]
17 Messages January 21, 1857 – March 18, 1880
(English and German with English translations EXCEPT 29-5-1858 and 17-2-1865)
: Lots of discussions about Nymphaea and Nuphar. Dissertation on microscopes. The illnesses of Mrs. Emmy Eichhorn and Alexander Braun. Illness spreading in Braun family. Caspary’s family and new son (February 10, 1865). Description of Alexander Braun’s death. Description of Mary Caspary’s (wife of Robert) death. Discussion of the future of Caspary’s 3 children: Mathilde, Hans, and Marie.
: Nelumbo, Elodea, Nuphar, Nymphaea, Juncus, Isoetes,
: Alexander Braun, Decaisen, Sir William Hooker, Mrs. Emmy Eichhorn, Parry, Mary Caspary, Cecile Mettenius,
Cassino, Samuel Edson 1856-1937
Naturalist's Agency, Salem, MA
7 Messages June 6, 1877 – November 17, 1883
: Request for exchange of publications, e.g. Eaton's Illustrations of Ferns on North America, Oaks of U. S.
Čelakovský, Ladislav Josef 1834-1902
1 Message September 20, 1882
: Exchange of publications. Discussion of Abies and Sequoia.
Cesati, Vincenso 1806-1883
Vercelli, Italy, Napoli, Italy, Rome, Italy
1 Message December 21, 1854
7 Messages May 29, 1855 – July, 1869
(German with English translation except January 27, 1869 and July 1869)
: Effect of frost on garden in Italy
Inability to reprint plate from Cupani’s Semphyd Siciliana
Advice given on using Taxodium distichum
: Ensete, Juncus, Opuntia, and Stereocaulis vesuvianum
: Desquate, General v. Gansenege, Licopoli
1 Message June 11, 1880
(French - with English Translation)
: Primarily discussion of Cuscuta species.
Quincy, Apalichicola, FL; Empire City, CO; Southhampton, MA
28 Messages November 22, 1843 – February 6, 1883
: Collections for and exchanges with Engelmann.
Publications of Flora of Florida and South.
Discussions of determinations, naming and locations of plants.
: Isoetes,* Cyperaceae, Xyris,* Leitneria, Nolina, Dianthera, Manthochloe,* Nuphar,* Juncus,* Nymphaea, Eriocaulon (?), Solidago,* Lemna,* Vitis, Yucca* Zostera,* Agave* Quercus,* Pteris (location) Euphorbia,* Callitriche,* Pinus*.Isopyrum, Pachysandra, Cacalia diversifolia, Gratiola floridana, - rare plants found on the rocky walls of Chipola River.
Deaf-Mute College, Washington, DC
1 Message January 31, 1879
: Request for copy of revision of genus Quercus.
1 Message May 10, 1880
(German - no translation)
Chrm. Comm. of Indigenous Med. Botany, New Albany, [IN]
1 Message April 19, 1857
: Preparation of a synopsis of indigenous flowering medicinal plants of U. S.
Buffalo, Albany, Luzerne, Warren, NY
21 Messages. May 15, 1862 – December 23, 1865
27 Messages September 4, 1866 – January 8, 1879
: Seeking Engelmann's help with the herbarium of the Buffalo Society of Natural Science.
Discussion of speciation, collecting and exchanges of plants.
: Cuscuta,* Cyperus, Najas minor,* Panicum, Isoetes,* Eriocaulon,* Atirplex, Marsilea,* Parnassia,* Potamogeton, Polenium, Hynum, Eleodianensis (pygmy), Sagina, Artemisia, Scirpius.
: Dr. Gray, Mr. Gillman, David F. Day, Mr. Peck (State Botanist), Boott, Mr. Riley (entomologist), Ravenel, Kellogg.
: Collections at: Schuyler Lake, Catskill Mountains,* Lake Superior County, Lake Placid (by Lesquereux), David F. Day, Luzerne (20 Mil. above Saratoga), Saratoga, small lake near Kichfield Spring of Niagara River, Hudson River at Luzerne, Catskill Ltn. House (vicinity of)*.
Home Secretary, National Academy of Science, Washington, DC
1 Message April 30, 1879
: Request for Engelmann to serve as regional representative on Committee for cooperation with National Board of Health.
Rooms, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, MO
1 Message December 8, 1870
: Question on natural history, especially the St. Louis area.
1 Message May 5, 1867
: "Resume" for application for a position as a botanist.
Eugene City, OR
1 Message October 25, 1880
: Discussion of determination of Pinus species. Seed exchange.
: Headwaters of Middle Fork of Willamette River.
Centerville, Faulkland, DE
19 Message April 11, 1866 – November 8, 1882
: Collections for Engelmann and exchanges with Engelmann, particularly Juncus in 1866 and Quercus in 1877-1882.
: Juncus,* Plantago,* Isoetes,* Coreopsis,* Scirpius,* Quercus,* Carya, and Parcina.
: Mr. Canby,* Prof. Sargent, Prof. Watson.
: New Castle County, Salisbury, Shelpot Creek, Florida, Delaware River, Salem County, New Jersey, Delaware state line. Most include detailed habitat descriptions.
1 Message January 5, 1882
: Requests for determinations and verification of determinations.
St. Louis, MO
3 Messages August 29, 1856 – November 21, 1856
: Engraving of plates, probably Roetter drawings for report.
: John H. Clark, Lieut. N. Michler, Major Emory, Mr. Rutter.
1 Message May 1, 1877
Subjects: Seeking information about species of native grapes.
: Dr. Jayone Batallia Ries, Royal Agr. College of Portugal at Lisbon.
1 Message May 28, 1849
(German – with English translation)
: Willing to assist Rev. Curtis in his research concerning mushrooms, but has conditions and is limited on time.
: M.A. Curtis.
4 Messages October 16, 1848 – May 23, 1849
: Specimen exchange. List of plants with collection locations.
: Mr. Mead, Mr. Lapham, Dr. Barratt, Emory, Eaton and Wright, Wm. P. Lynde, Lt. Fremont, Morgan, Dr. Short.
: Augusta, Illinois; Rocky Mts.; California; New Mexico; Louisville; Wisconsin; West Illinois; and Fulton, Illinois.
Paris, France; 19 Rue de Grand Chantier (Marais) French with English translations
2 Messages February 24, 1864 – April 9, 1870
: Description of shipment of plants from France, Algeria, and the Canary Islands; requested Engelmann to send several publications to include in a revision of his Prodromus Florae Algeriensis; interested in Engelmann’s research of Conifer; announced Mr. Gay’s death. Request to assist Mr. Bureau on his visit to the U.S.
: Mr. Bossange, Mr. Perrandiere, Mr. Hall, Mr. Harbor, Mr. Bureau
Fort Whipple, Arizona Territory; Washington, DC
9 Messages June 20, 1865 – April 19, 1866
South Carolina University, Columbia, SC
Carolina (Post Surgeon, 6th Inf. H. Q.)
4 Messages July 10, 1866 – December 15, 1867
: Collector of flowering plants for Engelmann. Palmer and Coues agree to give their cacti collections to Engelmann in return for identifications and publication of results. Publication of natural history works as a result of collections of mammals, reptiles, birds, etc., particularly Natural History of Arizona.
: Leptocereus,* Platopuntia,* Pinus, Abies, Juniperus, Arctostaphylos, Obione, Agave, Oaks, Cinchona, Opuntia, Fouquieria.
: Dr. Palmer, Dr. Theodore Gill, Prof. Baird, Dr. Packard, Prof. E. D. Cope, Dr. Allen, Prof. LeConte, Mr. Zimmerman, Dr. R. W. Gibbes, Capt. Anderson, Smithsonian, St. Louis Academy of Science.
: "Forests of the Giants", south of Prescott, near Fort Whipple; Ft. Wingate.
12 Messages September 1, 1876 – May 24, 1883
: Developments of publication of Botanical Gazette.
Requests for papers to be published in the Botanical Gazette.
Cratty, Robert Irwin 1853-1940
2 Messages January 7, 1882 – April 1, 1882
Subjects: Sending Sagittaria to Engelmann. Exploring for tubers and roots.
People: Prof. J. C. Arthur of Charles City
Washington, Hillsborough, NC; Boston, MA; Society Hill, SC
19 Messages November 9, 1840 – December 30, 1848
: Exchange of flowering plants with Engelmann and European botanists.
19 Messages May 6, 1849 – April 22, 1871
: Fungus collections and identification of fungus diseases of grapes, etc. for Engelmann and the sale of his herbarium. Return of unwanted plant, discussion of two of his own species, discussion of naming species, Ravenel’s Fungi (book?), contact with A. Chapman, Flora through Rosaceae.
: Cuscuta* from Wilmington, North Carolina and Boston, Massachusetts; Solidago,* Aster,* Euphorbia, Chara,* Lepidanche appressa from the Yadkin River and Catawba River and mountains east of Blue Ridge, Cuscuta* with species descriptions and flowering dates, Chara,* Urtica, Sagittaria, Alisma and Sagittaria distinction, Pinus,* Aristolochia, Euphorbia, Plantago species distinctions, Yucca, Opuntia, Psilotum, Trichomones, "cedar balls", Botrytis on grape. Podostemaceae, Dwarf Frichmaies?, Ilex, I. Amelanchier, A. Canadensis, P. Maritima, Lycium Europeum, Carolinensis, Frierian & Schweinitzian species, Rosaceae.
: Prof. C. W. Short, Sir Wm. Hooker, Mssrs. Carstens and Schultze, Dr. A. W. Chapman, Lindheimer's plants, Prof. Gray, A. Braun, De Caisne, Michaux, Leveille, M. Corda leaving for Texas to superintend estate of Prince Collorede, Silliman, Ravenel, Fendler and Wright collections, M. Lenormand, Boissier or Duby at Geneva, Mr. Berkeley of England, Dr. McMasters of Missouri, J. C. Webb, Dr. McRee. Peters, Ravenel, A. Chapman, Prof. Gibbes.
: Europe, Africa.
Liberty, Beford Co., VA; Tallyrand Place, near Jacksonville, FL
10 Messages August 27, 1872 – April 15, 1882
: Planning a catalogue and wishes Engelmann's help with Missouri, Iowa and Minnesota.
Comparisons with Mann's, Gray's and Wood's catalogues.
Broadhead's list of Missouri plants.
Collections for and exchanges with Engelmann.
Manuscript prospectus of catalogue. (4-8-1873)
Canard of the Natural Bridge.
Need for Trans-Mississippi plants.
: Galium,* Juncus, Yucca, Thlaspi arvense, Euphorbia,* Heliotropium, Malvastrum, Lemna synonyMs., Boltonia, Quercus,* Agave,* Phlox, Acerates, Anemone, Cheilanthes (new), Chrysobalanus, Smilax, peculiar grass (Panicum?), Pinus, Commelina, Vitis, Tradescantia, Labrusca, Pteris, Tsuga, Monanthochloe, sisal hemp introduction, Alismaceae, Sagittaria*.
: Hooker, Broadhead, Dr. Watt, Dr. Parry, errors in Watson's report, Canby (tried not to help Curtiss); Prof. Porter, Lesquereux and Leidtz to join Hayden expedition; Prof. Eaton engraving specimens for new work; Prof. Gray, Geo. D. Butler, Dr. Gattinger's Flora plants, Lindheimer, C. F. Austin, Chapman.
: Hudson's Bay area, Canada and Tidewater, Virginia - Thlaspiarvense Indian River,* Bay Bisquayne,* Sanford, Lake Monroe,* Charlotte Harbor, Dumbarton Swamp and St. John's, Cape Sable, Cape Canaveral, Reff Keys, Mosquito Inlet, Apalichicola, Potomac.
1 Message June 19, 1854
: Whereabouts of Hayden.
West Chester, PA
8 Messages March 28, 1845 – December 22, 1859
: Introduction of Joseph Hough as agent for specimens.
Request for specimens and exchange.
: Euphorbia, Scirpius.
: Dr. Gray, Carey and Hart, Nicholas Riehl, Henry Beeson Flanner, Howard Darlington.
: St. Louis, New Jersey, Valley of the Mississippi, Philadelphia, Texas, Missouri, Ohio, western territories.
Boston and Madford, MA
4 Messages May 29, 1879 – April 4, 1882
: Request for help to establish authenticity of species in his catalogue.
: Pellia, ferns, Isoetes, A. trifoliatum, vascular cryptogams, Acrogens*.
: Mr. Redfield, Dr. Ludwig, Howell, Prof. Eaton, Mr. Boott, Curtiss, Mr. Baker.
: Missouri, western states, Texas, Florida, Puerto Rico.
2 Messages October 20, 1857
(French - English translation)
: Request confirmation that plate proofs were received.
1 Message November 2, 1876
: Locations of populations of Euphorbia and Cuscuta.
Geologist and Botanist, B. N. A. Boundary Commission, McGill College, Montreal, Canada.
Geol. Survey of Canada, Victoria, British Columbia
Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey, Ottawa, Canada
6 Messages March 22, 1875 – April 30, 1882
: Request for determinations of rushes.
Environmental ranges of Pinus,* Abies,* Quercus.*
Possibility of distribution map and article on trees in the Northwest.
: Prof. Macoun, Dr. Selwyn, Sargent.
: Rocky Mountains,* British Columbis, Chilcatin and Blackwater Rivers, Frages Peace River, Hudson's Hope, Vancouver Island Cascades, Red River, Salmon River, Caribou Gold Region, Athabaska River, Saskatchewan River.
1 Message May 21, 1865
: Plants of Buffalo and vicinity
8 Messages September 19, 1841 – January 29, 1880
(French - with English translations)
: Request contact of Cryptomany experts. Requests fossil plants. Seeds from the Rocky Mountains, California. Cold winter destroying plants.
: Mr. Hering, Mr. Armgniare, Lenormand, Dr. Léveillé, Mr. Borange, Elias Durand, Mr. Braun, Mr. Sargent
: Cuscuta, Graminaceae, Oaks, Cacti, Agave, Yucca, Vitis.
Secretary of Documents, Department of Interior, Washington, DC
2 Messages February, 1875 – May, 1875
: Lists of publications sent to Engelmann.
1 Message January 25, 1877
: Request for purchase of succulents.
1 Message November 30, 1864
: Request for plants of various cacti and Agave.
1 Message April 2, 1856
: Sending articles about Hayden's expedition.
1 Message April 23, 1868
: Appreciation to Engelmann for sending copy of North American Junci.
Santa Barbara, CA
1 Message March 18, 1878
: Collections of plants particularly Abies bracteata in Santa Lucia Mts.
St. Louis, MO
1 Message February 23, 1876
: Engelmann's annoyance at condensation of meteorological article in the report. (Condensation done by Prof. Riley's request).
1 Message May 2, 1868
: Request for delivery of book to St. Louis Academy of Science.
R. Douglas & Sons, Waukegan Nurseries, Waukegan, IL; Farlinton, KS
20 Messages July 9, 1878 – February 4, 1880
: Experiments in adaptability of various evergreens to Kansas and other dry climates with a comparison of seeds from Colorado and Pacific Northwest.
C. S. Sargent questions Siler's judgment and integrity.
Discussion of Barney's pamphlet on the merits of catalpa for the West.
Seed and plant collections for European markets.
: Abies,* Juniperus,* catalpa, Picea,* - species distinctions and adaptability.
: Andrew L. Siler, C. S. Sargent,* Mr. Brandigee,* C. C. Parry,* J. T. Allen of Omaha and Boston, Mr. Whitney (Alexis Randolph Whitney 1824-1897 links  ) of Franklin Grove, Illinois, Mr. William Eliot Barnes (1832-1925) link  of Vinland, Kansas transplanted firs from Colorado. Nurserymen in England and Thompson Clarke Maxwell (1822-1908) of Geneva using deceptive practices; Dougla,* Mr. Barber wrote inaccurate report, J. A. Warder,* J. A. Kennicott (John Albert) 1802-1863 link  , Mr. Thomas Meehan, Mr. Mecropas, Peter Lawrence Nursery in Edinbourgh, E. E. Barney,* George Johnson, C. Bolle of Berlin, Bd. of Agriculture and Premier of Australia, Conservator of Forest in Penjal District of Lahore, East Indies, J. H. Masters (James Harris) 1819-1909 link   of Nebraska, John C. Teahaus of Carthage, Missouri, J. T. Allen; D. Soteld, chief engineer, found catalpa logs outlasted oak as railroad ties.
: Wasatch Mts., Colorado, Kansas, Pacific Northwest, Snowy Range, Colorado,* forest of New York, ranch in Utah, Douglas and Sargent in Charleston, Missouri.
Cincinnati, OH; Louisville, KY
6 Messages March 30, 1847 – December 20, 1848
: Publication of meteorological data collected along 39th parallel by Engelmann and Dr. Ray, Dr. Hempstead, and Dr. Hildreth. Capt. Fuller, engineer in the Office of Col. Long working with him.
: Dr. Ray (Joseph) 1807-1855, Dr. G. S. B. Hempstead (Giles Samuel Booth) 1794-1883, and Dr. Hildreth (Samuel Prescott) 1783-1863, Capt. C. A. Fuller, engineer in the Office of Col. Long
1 Message December 26, 1883
(German – English translation)
: Request for information on various plants, especially Agave.
: H. Graf at Solms., J. von Sachs, Dr. Schilds of Ehrenberg - collector in area of Mexico where Droege is collecting.
1 Message October 18, 1875
(German – with English translation)
Original letter missing.
Drude to Engelmann
: Cover letter for sending publication to Engelmann concerning palm trees.
: Mr. Wendland, Director of Royal Gardens at Hanover; Dr. Wappäus.
: New Netherlands.
1 Message December 31, 1873
(French – with English translation)
: Request for collaboration in Review of Natural Sciences.
: Professor Planchon.
Botanical Laboratory at Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
3 Messages December 22, 1879 – May 10, 1883
: Discussion of species of Vitis; Cuscuta*; Mitchella also mentioned.
1 Message August 30, 1836
: Desires loan of specimen for examination.
: Prof. Muller
San Francisco, [CA]
1 Message February 1, 1877
: Mailing cones and seeds of Abies.
Planned collections in the Gulf of California.
Woodlawn Mansion [France]
1 Message July 22, 1873
: Durand's father's collection of plants willed to the Garden of plants of Paris.
Philadelphia and Germantown, PA; Paris, [France]
1 Message December 6, 1845 Durand to Asa Gray
: Not receiving botanical specimens. Looking forward to Gray’s North American Flora.
32 Messages August 8, 1846 – November 13, 1864
27 Messages February 2, 1865 – October 21, 1870
: Exchange of information and plants for collections.
Durand's need for Lindheimer collections.
Formula against insects. (10-5-1846)
Preparation of special North American herbarium by Academy of Science.
Offer of herbarium to Engelmann.
Political situation following the Civil War.
Franco-Prussian War. (10-24-1870).
Durand's herb. transferred to Garden of plants in Paris.
: Nuttall's Arkansas and Oregon plants, expedition to Oregon and California, penchant for applying different names to the same plant, Pinus collections, Isoetes collections, itinerary (11-8-1866).
Lindheimer's collections*, Rafinesque's herbarium and its awful condition, his craziness and ability to create many species from one specimen.
Gray and Engelmann sending an expedition to Santa Fe, Gray's new edition, cooperation in exchange of specimens, Nicollet's Northwestern and Northeastern plants, Dr. Hale's Louisiana plants, Mr. Beyrich's Oregon plants, Mr. Gambel, Fendler,* Dr. Huttner's son, Dr. Prof. Rayburn, Mr. Th. T. James,* Alfred Bujac, Dr. Juergens, Dr. Gordon, E. Hilgard, Chas Wright collections, Wislizenus - excellence of his Santa Fe collections. Introduction for Engelmann to Decaisne, Gay and Groenland. Mr. Boissier, Engelmann's brother's collection of Utah plants, Jacques Gay's work on Isoetes,* Dr. Hunt, Prof. Durieux of Bordeaux, Dr. Kane's Polar plants, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Trego of Philosophical Society, Dr. Parry's work on Isoetes, Mr. Bulkley, Mr. Fiot* as collector and friend, Prof. Porter,* Dr. Vasey, Canby,* excellence of Dr. Short's Herbarium, Michaux's plants, Mr. Hall, Mr. Tatnall, Harbour and Hall, Mr. Winder's southern sympathies with a discussion of politics, Prof. Brown (Braun?), James the bryologist, Dr. Pickering,* Briges (Pickering and Briges were Nuttall's assistants), Buist's work in Philadelphia. Dr. Hale, Dr. Mead, Mr. Wolle, and Canby's collections of Callitriche. Rothrock,* Leidy*; Leidy, Charles & Aubrey Smith and Porter's expedition to the Great Lakes, Alexander's Co. American plants, Baldwin's Paraguay plants, Robert Killvington ,* Bigelow and Parry, Geyer collections in Nicollet's expedition, Walther,* Mr. S. Poewll of Newport, Griffiths, Le Conte, Rev. Blake of Gilmanton (?), N. H., Barker, Mr. Chas. Smith,* Prof. Ennis' collections on the Pasaic River, Mr. Boott, Mr. Couren, Dr. Gideon Lincecum,* Dr. Bolander and Brewer's collections, Prof. Alfphonse Wood,* Riddell's Wolffia. Austin's dispute with Lesquereux, Sullivant and James. Maj. LeConte and Buckley, Mr. Scott, Lincecum's journey to Tuxpan,* Dr. Gibbons, deaths of Prof. Dewey and Sartwell, Dr. Robbins, Dr. Chapman's invoice of Desiderata; plants for Mr. Collier's herbarium collected by Baldwin, Ware, Blodgett, Elliot, etc. Kellogg's Alaskan collection given to Academy by Dr. Davidson of Coast survey, Dr. B. Smith, Mr. Spach.
: Collections of Delaware River,* Schuylkill River,* Darby, Pa.,* Catskill Mountains,* Pocono Mts., Lancaster,* Wilmington, Lehigh River (called Lecha River in some collections),* Bethlehem,* mountain lake in Wayne County,* island above Bethlehem bridge, Lake Winnipesaukee,* Morristown*.
Royal Gardens at Kew, London [England]
1 Message September 1, 1876
: List of Yucca cultivated at Royal Gardens.
New York, NY; New Haven, CT
8 Messages January 23, 1863 – April 19, 1882
: Exchange of specimens with Engelmann, fruiting of Yucca filamentosa in New Haven, observation of Pronuba on plants, gratitude for Engelmann's publication.
: Chara, Isoetes, Yucca,* Missouri and Arkansas ferns, Woodwardia, Massila, Chailanthes, Pinus, Selaginella*.
: Location near Whitneyville where fresh water fluctuates with tide.
Washington D.C.; Philadelphia
7 Messages September 22, 1854 – August 13, 1861
(German with English translation)
: Description of the city of Washington D.C. Comments on Congress and political issues. Discussion of his new technique of “topographic landscape painting.” Comments on Col. John C. Fremont’s presidential candidancy (1856).
1 Message September 14, 1875
: Request for assistance in identification of plants.
Munich, [Germany]; Graz; Austria; Kiel, Berlin, [Germany] (German with English translations)
9 Messages June 7, 1869 – July 20, 1882
: Publication of Flora Brasiliensis and difficulties in funding and obtaining specimens, particularly Cactaceae.
Request for translation into English on conifer work.
Mrs. Mettenius' biography of her father (Braun).
Appointment to Graz.
Transfer to Kiel as director of a "disgusting" botanical garden.
Braun's anniversary celebration.
: Gray, Nathanael Pringsheim, Reichenbach, Jr., Hofmeister, Hegelmaier, Dr. Peckolt (Rio de Janeiro), Dr. Fritz Müller (Itajahy, Sao Paulo), Warming (collector in Copenhagen), Martius, Dr. A. Glaziou (director of Passeio Publico in Rio), Joaquin Carrea de Mello (Campinas, Sao Paulo), Marcgrav, Pisa, Kate Wood, Dr. Chapman, Dr. Flügel, Brazilian emperor and empress (1876), Dr. Flügel of Campinas, provincia de S. Paulo, Brazil, Prof. Fouche.
: Loranthaceae particularly Arceuthobium and Viscum.
Bitton Vicarage, Bristol, Kew, England
6 Messages September 8, 1876 – December 26, 1876
n.d. Letter from J. G. Baker to Ellacombe
: Interest in exchanging specimens.
Discussions of various Yucca and Agave characteristics.
Ft. Leavenworth, [KS]; Washington, DC; Steamer "Northerner" off Cuba, Frontera near El Paso, TX
30 Messages June 4, 1846 - August 30, 1854
, December 25, 1855 - July 28, 1857
Paris, (France); Frankfort on the Main (Germany)
3 Messages July 8, 1857 – December 15, 1857
: Exchange of information, drawings, proofs of publication of report of Rocky Mountain expedition and Mexican Boundary Survey.
Parry's subsequent expedition to collect desiderata of Cactaceae.
: Cactaceae, Pitahaya,* (Cereus giganteus), Larrea mexicana, pines, Fouquiera. cabbage trees of the south, Cereus sp.*
: Mrs. Hunt, Capt. Turner,* Col. S. S. Abest, Dr. Torrey, Mr. Stanley, sketches of Gila River area, Dr. Wislizenus, Mr. Brockenborough of the patent office, Prof. Alexander Dallas Bache, Dr. Halsted, Dr. Parry, Mrs. Wright, Gen'l Campbell, Schott, W. Bartlett, Bigelow, Paulus Roetter.
Engelmann, Henry 1831-1889
M. E. with M & H Zinc Co., Lasalle, IL
1 Message May 25, 1882
(German - English translation)
: Visiting Belleville and area.
Kiel, Botanic Garden [Germany]; Munich, [Germany]
3 Messages December 21, 1879 – March 1, 1880
(one postcard dated October ?) (German – English translation)
: Request for contribution from Engelmann for yearbooks of plant geography, plant history and scientific systematics.
1 Message December 2, 1866
: Gives location and habitat description of collection point where specimen of Isoetes was found. Suggests that Engelmann add rivers to Isoetes habitat. Locations in Newark and Passaic River. Contains a note from E. Durand agreeing with Ennis.
Societe D'Acclimatation, Paris [France]
3 Messages September 25, 1882 – May 24, 1883
(French - English translation)
: A request to purchase cacti and agave plants from Engelmann.
Patent Office, Washington, DC (German – English translation)
1 Message October 31, 1967
: Request for results of Engelmann's research on grapes and wine for planned publication on fermentation and chemistry of wine.
Meteorologist, U. S. Navy Dept., Washington, DC
3 Messages January, 1842 – January, 1852
: Request for meteorological information and discussion of barometric fluctuation and theory he had developed around 1840.
12 Messages October 23, 1858 – February 14, 1882
: Request for aid in identification of specimens and information about pathogens on Prunus, onions, grapes, etc.
Sends specimens of stomach fluid from ulcer patient which contains Sarcina ventriculi and Saccharomyces apiculatus.
: Phoma, Sphaeria, Koeleria, Lactuca, Silphium, grape rot and mildew, onion mildew, Euphorbia, Juncus, Cymodocea, Characeae, Polypogon, Nitella,* Isoetes,* Prunus, Cymodoceae, fungus on Claytonia.
: Stahl, Ellis, Bolander, Agassiz, Gray, de Bary, Nordstedt, Halsted, Ravenel, Lindheimer, Wright, Braun, Kutzing.
: Newport; Hammond's Pond, Boston; Lentux Canal; collections in Texas, Mexico, St. Luis Potosi and Bermuda.
262 Purchase Street, Boston, MA
1 Message September 27, 1877
Jamaica Plain and Brookline, MA
2 Messages November 29, 1881 – January 3, 1883
: Request for Engelmann papers and his research with Sagittaria,* at the Bussey Institute, also collected by Mr. Robinson in the Ipswitch River, near Salem, Massachusetts.
: Sending specimens, description of specimens sent; growth pattern, location, water usage, size, fruiting, flowering, seasons.
: Sagittaria, Potamoyiton natans, P. louschites, P. spirillus, Naias, S. variabilis, Phyllodia.
: Charles and Nefonset Rivers.
Fort Leavenworth; Santa Fe, [NM]; Weston [WY]; New Orleans; Camden, AR.; Memphis, TN; Colonia Tovar.
19 Messages August 19, 1846 – December 16, 1854
: Descriptions of travel, forts, living conditions, supply problems with army. Possibility of manufacture of matches for profit.
Difficulties with obtaining money enough to survive.*
Losing all supplies and equipment in a flood on way to Ft. Laramie.
Narrative of trip to Charges on "Mt. Vernon."
Starting chemical oil business.
Cultivation of Lepachys, Oenothera and Helianthus in Arkansas (seeds from Texan collection).
Meteorological observations.* (Tables in many letters)
Descriptions of trip to Caracas, Venezuela and living conditions and surroundings in Colonia Tovar.
Cambridge, MA; Philadelphia, PA; Allentown, MO
21 Messages March 19, 1856 – July 24, 1871
: Description of trip from Caracas.
Sale and accounts of Venezuelan plants.
Accounts with Engelmann.*
Collections for Prof. Henry of the Smithsonian. (Obtaining meteorological instruments from Henry.)
Collecting mosses for Dr. Sullivant and lichens for Tuckerman.
Meteorological observations.* (Tables)
Gray's arrangement for Fendler to work for him in herbarium and Garden.
Theories on heat. (12-25-1865)
Selling land in Allentown.
Gumbinnan, [Germany]; Philadelphia, PA; Seaford and Wilmington, DE; Port of Spain, Trinidad, W. I.
24 Messages January 15, 1872 - July 20, 1882
: Description of trip to Europe; climate in Gambinnan.
Meeting Prof. Braun and Caspary and description of the Konigsberg Botanical Garden.
Engelmann's discovery of Yucca pollination by moths.
Church troubles in Germany.
Description of living arrangements and weather in Philadelphia.
Meehan's trip and planned itinerary.
Description of Seaford; cost of living.
Quercus collections and determinations.* (5-16-1876)
Collecting in Trinidad, especially on Tucuche Mt.
Description of people and life in Trinidad; statistics; census.
Fruit cultivation in Trinidad.
Cereus peruvianus cultivation.*
Discussions with Henry Prestoe, Supt. of local botanical garden.
Curator of the K.K. Hofnaturalien Cabinet in Vienna
6 Messages June 24, 1846 – May 24, 1872
(German with English translations)
: A loan of Cuscuta from the Vienna Museum to Engelmann. Request grass specimens be sent in exchange. A visit to Vienna by Engelmann. The engagement of Hermine Fenzl to Gustav Tschermak. The death of Fenzl’s son, Braun, and Georg Mettenius. Julius Engelmann’s visit. Marriage of Adelinda Fenzl to Prof. Weiss. Appreciation of the Yucca seeds received.
: Hermine Fenzl, Adelinda Fenzl, Gustav Tschermak, Braun, Mettenius, J. Engelmann, Edmund Weiss.
: Yucca, Cuscuta
Secretary of the American Pomological Society, Moro, IL
3 Messages April 26, 1875 – October 25, 1877
: Request for Engelmann's help in classifying the grape, finding the origin of apples, publication of an Encyclopedia of American Agriculture.
: James H. Chambers, George Husmann, Marshall P. Wilder.
1 Message March 23, 1877
: Sending his Mt. Washington collections to Engelmann.
Descriptions of Abies and Betula, habitat and specific locations.
Prof. E. Tuckerman, Thos. Porter, O'Hare, Tuckerman's Ravine, and Passumpsic River.
Bremen, Germany (German with English translation)
1 Message May 2, 1879
: Propagation of Rubus and determination of specimens.
1 Message January, 1880
: Request for classification of plants.
Surgeon, U. S. Army, Ft. Omaha
1 Message September 15, 1882
: Request for confirmation of his identifications of collections made in Yellowstone National Park, Firehole River and Mt. Washburn.
1 Message June 19, 1840
(French - English Translation)
: Exchange of specimens.
: Alfred Malherbe
Soc. Botanique de France, Paris, France
2 Messages August 20, 188? to March 22, 1869
(French - no translation)
: Fourier is in charge of enumeration of Mexican plants for the scientific commission and requests help from Engelmann.
Instructor of Natural Science, Fredericton, N. B.
3 Messages December 27, 1878 – April 6, 1880
: Gratitude for specimens of Quercus alba, Quercus rubra and spruce.
Bellingona, Canton, Ticino, Switzerland; [Milano, Italy]
1 March March 5, 1858
: Gratitude for Civic Museum in Milan and request for introduction to other collectors in the U. S.
: cryptogames, ferns, mushrooms, liverworts, lichens, lycopodium
Washington City; Steamer Cortes at sea; New York, [NY]
7 Messages August 19, 1848 – January 12, 1890
: Request for meterological information from Engelmann.
Transactions with Major Lennard.
: Dr. Torrey, Dr. Gray, Dr. Wislizenus, Schreiber, Max F. Stroebel, Wm. Coles Morris, Wm. Egglofstein, topographer.
(1847) (in body of letter)
1 Message July 20, 1858
[Swedish? - English translation)
: Receipt of Lindheimer plants, etc.
3 Messages January 29, 1868 – December 30, 1871
: Offer to go over his cacti and Agave collections from Lower California and Nevada with Engelmann. Discussion of numbers of species.
Scarcity of conifers.
: Bolander, Brewer, Parry.
Manatee, FL; Ponta Rassa, South FL; Columbia, PA
6 Messages May 27, 1878 – November 4, 1879
: Collector for Engelmann and himself.
: Isoetes,* Quercus,* and Vitis*.
1 Message April 12, 1866
(German - English translation)
: Juncus species distinctions; comparisons with specimens of Kunth and Sella and Academy of Philadelphia.
11 Messages August 20, 187? – December 6, 1882
Engelmann to Gattinger (typed translations).
: Identifications, encouragement and verifications of determinations for Gattinger.
: Leavenworthia,* Allium,* Crataegus,* Lespedeza,* Arundinaria; notes on Gerardia, Silene, Antirrhinum, Vitis distribution, Isoetes, Juncus, Lemna, Callitriche and Aster; Plantago,* Arabis, Schoenoliorion, Asplenium, Buckley location, Charas, Stananthum, Euphorbia,* Solidage,* Physalis,* Polytaenia, Centunculus, Cacalis, Erigeron, Aster distributions; Croton,* Dasya,* Rhus*.
: Mont Sano near Huntsville, Alabama; German settlement, Cullman in North Alabama
Discussion of Palatinates.
8 Messages December 11, 1879 – July 11, 1882
(Translated from German)
Gattinger to Engelmann
: Reasons for leaving University of Munich and a discussion of scientists there.
List of correspondents.
Biographical information, itinerary, positions held.
Lack of civilization in Tennessee and particularly botanists.
Collections for himself and Engelmann.
Distribution of collections and identification of specimens.
: Aruna* - those in Dismal Swamp compared with Tennessee plants Silene, Quercus,* Lemna,* Arceuthobium, Juncus,* Aster,* from banks of the Cumberland, Isoetes,* Leavenworthia,* Allium,* Crataegus,* Lycopodium, Euphorbia, Anacharis, Eleocharis.
: Curtiss, scientists of University of Munich (by name) and list of correspondents (by name); Dr. Ferdinand Kummer, Martius, Zuccarini, Dr. Otto Sendtner, Gumbel, Bruch Schimper, Ferdinand Arnold, Dr. Gerard Jesoch, Dr. Rusch, Hasslachs.
: Duckriver Valley, east and west Tennessee.
4 Messages May 6, 1853 – March 24, 1863
(French - English translation)
: Receipt of plants from Engelmann. Collecting and studying Fragaria, Gramineae, Panicum, Isoetes.
: Gray, Paul Carrey, Braun, Durand, Durieau, Booth, Groenland.
: Fragaria, Gramineae, Trientalis europea, Panicum, Isoetes
New York, NY
2 Messages June 24, 1880 – January 4, 1882
: Irritability of stamens of some specimens of Opuntia rafinesqueii and its relationship to pollination.
: Leggett, Mr. Thomas Hogg.
Imperial German Consulate, St. Louis, MO
1 Message December 1, 1879
(German – no translation)
1 Message March 15, 1880
(German - English translation; not in Gerlich's handwriting)
: Inquiry about the transplantation of American species
Dispatch of Engelmann collections to the Berlin Museum
: Windsor Flats, Washington Avenue between 1st and 14th street.
Geyer, Charles Andreas 1809-1853
Arenzville, Morgan Co., IL; Beardstown, IN; Dr. Engelbach's farm; Westport, MO; Ft. Colville on Columbia River; Honolulu, Oahu; Botanic Garden, Dresden, Germany.
13 Messages January 4, 1843 – March 9, 1846 (German – English translation)
Subjects: Collections for Engelmann and others.
Descriptions of flora in each area.
Political discussions and also of difficulties between collectors and botanists; living conditions in each area.
Planned expedition to Oregon with Sir William.
Narrative of explorers, scientists, Indians, drunks, economic possibilities of area. (4-6-1844)
Life in Hawaii.
Question about ownership of specimens.
Sale of equipment to pay debts.
Economic plants of Pacific (Oceania).
Plants: Veronica, Leavenworthia, Berberis, Wyethis helianthoides, Arabis, Collinia, Cereus, Saxifraga granulata, Dodecatheon, Umbelliferae, Claytonia, Juniperus andina, Melocactus, Lewisia, Carex, Viola, Penstemon, Anemone, Cypripedium apetabile, Pinus, Gymnandra, Thaspium, Trillium, Cocos, Pandanus, Dracaena, Arum, Digitaria, Opuntia, Trifolium, Thlaspi.
People: Mr. Nicollet, Mr. Riehl,* Julius and Adolph Meier, Weber, Gov. Joseph Duncan, Kirchers, Col. Sublette, Mr. Degenhardt,* Dr. George Engelbach, John Emerson, Nicollet,* Jesuits, Gottfr. Schutze, Roeck, Reichenback, Koch, Angelrodt, Gerke, Hoffman, Sir William Stuart,* Fremont, Mr. & Mrs. Kircher, Wislizenus, Brown, Duchatel, Dr. Rempp, Gratiot, Painscott Loos, Schneider, Torrey, Gray, Mr. Kimm, Sublette,* Mornung, Leider,* Dr. Marsch, Audubon, Matthias, Gordon, De Smet, Richter, Mr. Hagender, McDonald, Hooker,* Pursh, Laidlaw, Officer Ogden, Mr. Campbell, Dr. Judd, Gov. Kekauloa, (The King of Hawaii), Droege, Eckton, Gerki, Curator Smith, Mr. Bennett, Mr. Van Roemer.
Places: Columbis Cascades Portage, Valparaiso, Patagonia, Ft. Wallawalla, Jasper's House, Ft. Hall, St. Sacramento, South Africa, Mountains of Coeur d'Aline on Upper Spokane River in Idaho, Mesa of Nez Perce on upper Salmon River, Kootenai (Idaho), Sandwich Islands, New Caledonia, Taos, territory of Skirwich Indians, Black Hills, Missouri Springs, North California, London, Ft. Colville, Kew Gardens, Germany, Dakotah Territory, Iowa Territory, Oregon Territory, Missouri Territory.
Frankfort on the Main, Germany
2 Messages ">November 11, 1873 – September 22, 1876
(Translated from German)
: "Monstrous" cactus cultivated by Prof. Cramer of Zurich described.
Frankfort beer scandal.
Geyler's cultivation of Agave and Yucca plants from Engelmann's seeds.
Geyler's becoming a fossil botanist.
1 Message July 13, 1865
: An inquiry of Engelmann's abscence of participation in the National Academy of Sciences.
A. S. Engineer Office (Explorations West of the 100th Meridian), Washington, DC
1 Message March 6, 1873
: Questions about mistletoe and fir trees on which they grow.
1 Message March 1, 1878
: Request for orchids and ferns.
Marquette, Fort Gratiot, Detroit, L'Anse, MI; Superior City, WI; Public Library, Detroit, MI
44 Messages August 17, 1867 – November 25, 1882
: Collections of Juncus, Carices, Xyris, Sambucus, Wolffia, Isoetes, Callitriche, Lemna, Charas, Carex, Abies, Coreopsis, Hedeoma, Corispermum, Chenopodium, Aster, Pinus, Lycopodium, Primula, Juniperus, Aplectrum, Houstonia, Corallorhiza, Aspidium, Quercus, Nymphaea, Spiranthes, and Solidago in Michigan, area with good description of plants, habitat and distribution of all as well as exact locations for many.
Disillusionment with Florida and description of political situation and living conditions.
Evidence of prehistoric civilizations on Isle Royale, and New Madrid, Mississippi with descriptions of findings.
Cultivation of various cacti in Michigan.
: Dr. Bigelow, Gray, Agassiz, Olney, Austin, Prof. Leidy's station, Sartwell and Boott, Father Holzer,* Prof. Shales.
: Shores of Lake Superior; Shot Point; shores of Lake Michigan; Rawley's Pt. in Wisconsin; Sault Ste. Marie; Sandwich, Ontario; Bloody Run in Detroit; Detroit River; St. Clair River; Sulfur Springs; Fort Gratiot; Sarnia in Ontario; River Rouge; Belle Isle in Detroit River; Eagle River and Lake Superior; Silver Mining Land; Thunder Cafe, Pie. Id., Silver Islet; Prince Arthur's Island; Tawas Pt. on Lake Huron; Holland, St. Joseph and South Haven near Holland, [Michigan]; Port Huron Railway at St. Joseph, Michigan; South Chicago, Illinois; Point aux Pins; Houghton; Lake Superior; Isle Royale; Sturgeon Pt. on Lake Huron; Copper Harbor; Biscayne Bay in Dade Co. Florida; Port Iroquois.
Camp Apache, Arizona Territory
2 Messages November 19, 1873 – January 31, 1874
: Description of trees and other flora of the area in reference to collecting for Engelmann.
: Quercus, Pinus, Arceuthobium, Yucca, Juniperus, Agave, deciduous trees in area.
: Lt. Manning, Karl Grove Gilbert.
Warren County [MO]
1 Message October 20, 1847
(Translated from German)
: Introduction letter for Mr. Wilhelm Follmus.
: St. Louis, Missouri.
Franklin County, MO
1 Message June 16, 1850
(Translated from German)
: Research calculations concerning differences in elevation and atmosphere between two observation points in St. Louis and New Orleans.
: Mr. Egloffstein, Dr. Wislizenus, Miss Pahn and Miss Kimm.
: St. Louis, New Orleans, Constantinople.
Franklin County, MO
1 Message May 27, 1854
(Translated from German)
: Göbel’s calculation of exact time for solar eclipse on May 26, 1854 based on his research; mirror sextant already sold.
: Mr. Josef Hermoy, Mr. Egloffstein, Mr. Gallenkamp, Mr. Kirchwarther, Mr. Kollman
U. S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries, Washington, DC
1 Message February 3, 1882
: Request for aid to Mr. Reihlen in obtaining American cacti.
Pittsburg, [PA]; Baton Rouge, LA
2 Messages November 25, 1844 – June 25, 1849
: Request for advice about collection areas - Raton Mts. near Taos or Cuba. Apparently representing Dr. Hooker.
1 Message June 26, 1868
: Willingness to determine Bolander's liverwort specimens.
Strassburg herbarium, Schimper and Dr. L'Herminier Guatemalan collections.
Topographical engineer, El Paso del Norte [Mexico]; Washington, DC
2 Messages July 23, 1851 – March 12, 1852
: Projected arrangements for living conditions to be displayed in the Smithsonian greenhouses.
: W. T. Smith, Lt. E. Hayes, Prof. Baird, Prof. Girard.
: Geyer's Illinois and Oregon collections; Laavenworth's[r1] Louisiana and Texas collections; Nicollet's collections; Geyer's dishonesty; Nuttall's paper and determinations; Texas collections of Gambell, Lindheimer and Drummond.
Discussions of methods of shipping live plants; shipping practices; Post Office Law.
Techniques of mounting plants.
Western seed distribution for cultivation in eastern and European gardens.
Oregon bill and Lindheimer; discussions of name changes; species differences; writing genera and manual of flora; collections, exchanges, accounts, subscriptions and distributions of various collections
Collaboration of Engelmann and Gray.
: Mr. Lowell as patron; Dr. McDowell, Dr. Wyman and Fremont; Mr. Curtis; Braun,* Hooker,* Torrey,* Silliman's journal; Dr. Short; Mr. Carey; Mr. Browne; Mr. Kim; Mr. Gibbs; Prof. Bailey; Dr. Hadley; Martius; Mr. Bentham; DeCandolle; NY Botanic Garden's development; Klotzch; Wiley, Putnam - agents; Sullivant; B. D. Greene, Mr. P. Durand; Prof. Cleveland.
Cambridge, MA; Geneva, Switzerland; Kew; England; Paris, France
: Augustus Fendler and Santa Fe and government expeditions; Fendler's problems; Wright on the Rio Grande with Capt. Veatch; problems with other collection trips and army; Asclepias and Euphorbia mss..; Gray's journey to Europe; Publication of Wright's 1852 cacti. Henry and the Smithsonian; Oakes' death; Rafinesque, Agassiz, Wislizenus' Texas collections; Nuttall; Thos. Bancroft - Lowell's agent; J. P. Laubouisse, Mr. Olney, Fielding, Tuckerman, Boott, Holstead - Panama Railroad Survey; Fendler's prospective Salt Lake trip with Capt. Strausberg; Mercy - Secretary of War and Col. Albert - head of Topog. Eng. and Fendler; Endlicher's death; Schlechtendal and Pastor Scheele, Berlandier, Lindley, Sprague - artist, Harvey, Webb, Hohenbacher, Riehl, J. P. Brace (took silkworm eggs to Texas); Gregg's death, Emory in St. Antonio.
Cambridge, MA (Box 9)
: Accounts for collections, subscriptions and distributions.
Parry with Emory; petty jealousies among Bigelow, Emory and Torrey; Fendler's Chagres expeditions; orchids; problems.; Wright's cacti from 1851 expedition; problems. with ownership of plants from Ringgold's Survey Expedition; Gray's trip to Europe in 1855; Shaw's collections; problems in court; plans for herbarium garden; Engelmann's trip abroad 1856-1858; publication of Cactus paper; Gray's manual; collaboration with Engelmann; news of various botanists; Engelmann's solution of Buffaloe grass problem; economic crash in 1858; Mrs. Gray's family; Mr. Lowell; Darwin's question on relationship of fevers to climate, skin color, etc.; Henry's problems in Smithsonian; Gray's lectures in Smithsonian. Col. Graham; Grisebach, DeCandolle's Prodromus and Capt. Wilkes; Dr. Dries, Boissier, Stewart, Dr. Grace, Price Paul, Fries, Nees, Stephens - commission merchant; Mr. Hume, Bojenham's poverty, Jussieu's death; Harvey to Ceylon; Moquin and Tilasne at Jardin de Plantes; Thurber and shipwreck, Wolper's death, Brackenridge's Filices, Riehl's death, Bolandier's widow and distribution of plants; Dr. Short; de Vries; Bolander; flora of upper Missouri from Gov. Steven's party; DeCaisne, Hon. Miss Murray; Tuckerman; Whipple's expedition and Loranthaceae; M. Delessert; Engelmann's brother's collections; Humboldt, Surmann; Agassiz*; Mme. Vilmorin and Standbery plants; Wright's Japanese collections; Buckley, Tatnall and Darlington; Lesquereux; Edw. McCabe, Dr. Hayden; Hastings' collection; Curtis; Spruce's Amazon plants; Nuttall's death and Arkansas paper; Thos. Meehan; Chapman's book; Engelmann's grass paper; Ernst Meyer's herbarium; F. Muller, dir. of Melbourne Botanic Garden.
: Fendler's problems, accounts; work for Gray and Shaw; politics of north, south differences between Gray and Engelmann; A. Lincoln, Douglas and Fremont; Prof. Henry and Smithsonian; National Academy of Science; Agassiz, Pierce, Baird and Gibb conflict; generic differences of Rocky Mt. Coniferae; New building for Gray's herbarium; Eaton; Chapman's book; Andersson; Marius and Grisebach; Lindley's lectures for Shaw; Buckley's lack of dependability; Wm. Thompson; Felton's death; Prof. Lawson of Queen's College and Abies; Parlatore; Oliver; Lyall's Brit. Columbia collections; Horace Mann, Jr.; Rothrock, Mandon in Bolivia; C. E. Smith; Dr. Rollins; Lindley's death; Durand; George [Engelmann], Jr.
Kew; Heidelberg; Montpellier; Rome; Dresden; Villeneuse; Paris; London; Cambridge, MA; Yosemite; Salt Lake; Chicago, IL
: Engelmann's plants: Nuphar, Juncus, Callitriche Mss. Cupiliferae Mss, Pinus, thistles, succulents, Vitis, oaks throughout; Boott, Braum and Isoetes; Gray's trip to colorado; seeds and shrubs from Kew to Shaw; Gray's new manual; Engelmann and Gray's trips to Europe in 1863-69; Gray's itinerary and descriptions of areas visited; Engelmann's collections of books, plants, specimens; Engelmann's new house - 1870; Wright as curator of Gray's herbarium; "King Emperor William" and politics in Europe; Gray's trip to St. Louis, itinerary, map, descriptions of areas visited; Gray's retirement from teaching; Fendler, E. Meyer; Mann's collection; John Green; Wilke's expedition; Dr. Harvey's death, Clinton at Buffalo; Ravenel; Schlechten's death; Thuret, Darwin, Vasey's plants; Crepin, Rohrback, Christian Conrad Sprengel, Hilgard, Judge Watts, Watson,* Elihu Hall, Dr. Kellogg, Prof. Harrington, Dr. Mareck, Planchon, Brunet, Goodale, Agassiz' death, Riley, Peck; Sargent, Hilgard, Cutis and Mellichamp; Braun's death, Lemmon, Miss Plummer; Murray's death.
Kew, England; Cambridge, MA; Chattanooga, TN
: Gray's writing of Synoptical Flora; work on Aster* and Solidago*; Gray's trip to Europe in 1881; Goodale taking over garden from Sargent; Pringle story and greene; Engelmann's contributions to publications: Erythraceae[r2], Lemna, Abies,* Catalpa* and Erigeron*; Wines from Missouri; George Engelmann, Jr.; Eggert, Eichler, Redfield.
1 Message August 2, 1876
: Request for aid in identification of oaks.
New York, NY; Washington, DC
8 Messages February 20, 1862 – February 3, 1864
: Description of characteristics of Syphon and cistern barometers for use by explorers in the western mountains. Quotes, prices, etc.
Decatur, IL; Denver, Golden City, Pueblo, CO; Vallejo, Yreka, CA
32 Messages January 11, 1870 – January 2,1877
Silver City, NM; Berkeley, CA; Creswell, CO; Beloit, WI.; Oquawka, IL; Albuquerque, NM
27 Messages February 20, 1877 – September 13, 1882
: Collections for Engelmann and others with descriptions of locations and plants.
Discussions and disagreements with others as to identification and naming of species
Problems with Apaches in New Mexico mountains.
: Tradescantia, Echinocactus, Quercus, Mamillaria, Carex, Yucca, Opuntia, Abies, Junci, Phoradendron, Gentiana, Cuscuta, Scirpus, Areus, Vitis, Trankemia, Pinus, Eriogonum, Callitriche, Juniperus, Sagittarias, Agave, Asclepius, Alnus, Cupressus, Arbutus, Ribes, Ericaceae, Linum, Galium, Euphorbia, Caryophylaceae, Penstemon, Talinum, Anemone, Amaranthus, Cucurbitaceae, Polemonium, Sparganium, Collomia, Lythrum.
: Dr. Gray, Mr. Hall, Mr. Marion's garden, Dr. Parry, Mr. Brandegee, Mr. Olney - dispute with him, Prof. Sargent, Mr. Watson - dispute with him, Mr. Pringle, Rusky, Lemmon - dispute with his authority in naming Prof. Hilgard. Greene becomes his assistant at the university.
: Dudley Ranch, Clear Creek, Arkansas River, Napa River, Canon River, Goose Neck Mt., Mogollon Mts., Mimbus Range, Georgetown, New Mexico, San Francisco Mts., salt marshes in the Napa Valley.
Independence, MO; Monterey and Saltillo, Mexico; Washington City, DC; Louisville, KY; Vicksburg, MS.; New Orleans, LA; Mexico City and Mazatlan, Mexico.
12 Messages April 17, 1846 – April 14, 1849
: Arrangement and problems with collecting for Engelmann and others of both plant and animal specimens; routes followed.
Meteorological observations for Engelmann.
Description of murder and executions apart from war. (1-24-1848)
Capture of reconnoitering party by Mexicans. (2-10-1847)
: Rosemary, flax, fennel and cottonwood included with specimens. Yellow-vine, coal specimens, Spanish moss - question as to whether it was a parasite; petrified wood specimens, Giuzache specimen - hulls boiled for making ink, Mimbre, junco - a green-thorned shrub.
: Gen. Butler, Dr. Zabriskie; Alexander Megacy, New York dealer in instruments; Wislizenus*; Moses Greenwood, Commission merchant; Joseph Chastip, druggist; Capt. A. W. Chapman, Messrs. M. Calmong, Graves & Co., Runckel.
: San Pablo, Santa Rosalia, Parras to Mapimi on Chihuahua route, Red River route through Texas, Pacific coast route via Morelia (Valladolid), Guadalajara to Mazatlan through Guaymas and Gulf of California to San Diego, Monterrey, and San Francisco (probably did not actually traverse this route).
3 Messages December 1879 – June 2, 1880
: Griffith's anatomical studies on Pinus and Juncus leaves and Engelmann's aid to him in identification of specimens.
8 Messages May 15, 1842 – August 12, 1864
(German - English translation)
: Exchange of specimens.
: Wislizenus, Braun, Gray
: Cuscuta, Euphorbia, Pinus
Rock Island Arsenal, IL
2 Messages April 1, 1878 – May 22, 1878
: Interest in obtaining bulbs of rare Amaryllis and/or Hippeastrum.
Gronen's botanical illustrations.
Dr. Parry's work and friendship with Gronen.
List of Amaryllidaceae in Gronen's collections.
5 Messages October 22, 1857 – May 18, 1859
(Translated from German)
: Arrangements for Schmelz to work on plates for Engelmann's publication. Picart sending galley proofs and drawings. Both Picart and Kehnffet working on plates; Casper and La Perraudiere looking for Algerian plants for Engelmann; shipment of American grape vines to Mr. Vilmorin; Engelmann's trip to Europe and meeting Grönland; exchange of plants with Casper.
: Mr. Agassiz.
French Commission of Agriculture to U. S.; Washington, DC
1 Message May 1, 1883
: Appreciation for information on the "Phoma" from M. Prillieux and request for information on the "mildew" (Peronospora).
1 Message May 22, 1870
(French - English translation)
: Exchange of seeds.
2 Messages March 20, 1857 – March 12, 1860
(German - English translation)
: Listing of the Cactaceae of the Boundary survey, which are missing in European collections or are very rare. Request for seeds and plants of cacti.
11 Messages March 14, 1865 – May 5, 1881
(German - no translation)
: Shipment of seeds of American plants, particularly Yucca, various cacti, Chamaerops, Linum, Agave, Pinus, Vitis, Robinia, Sarracenia, etc. for cultivation in Europe.
St. Louis, [MO]
1 Message August 21, 1882
(Translated from German)
: Binding of Engelmann's books
1 Message October 26, 1879
(German - English translation)
: Experiments using yeast-fungus as a pesticide.
1 Message November 7, 1855
: Shipment of a box of specimens for Mr. Mead by way of Engelmann.
Albany, NY; Madison, WI
4 Messages December 3, 1860 – February 19, 1862
: Exchange of plants as suggested by Mr. Lapham and Dr. Gray; collection areas.
: Euphorbia, Opuntia, Potomogeton.
: Upper part of the Mississippi River; Pembina, Minnesota. (North Dakota?)
68 Mss. November 19, 1861 – May 29, 1881 Folders 1 - 3
: Collections for Engelmann, Gray and others; itinerary and problems; biographical information; disagreement between Hall and Gray; discussions of geographical, climatic and altitudinal differences in species (11-12-1879); theory of Isoetes germination.
: Euphorbia,* grasses,* Cyperaceae, Polygonium, Cuscuta, Rumex, cacti, Gentiana, Isoetes, Abies,* Charas, Heuchera, Callitriche, Hypobrichia, Solidage,* Asclepias, Sagittaria, Opuntia, Gnphalium, Diperia, Allium,* Opuntia,* Juncus,* Buchloe,* others.
: Gray,* Parry, Fendler, Wright, Prof. Short, Durand, Durierux, Thompson, Thruber, Harbans, Dr. Vasey,* Canby,* Beach, M. S. Bebb, Mr. Shaw, Schultes*.
: Mason Co., Colorado City, Pikes Peak, Soda Springs,* Platte River,* Botanical Garden at Bordeaus, prairie,* Hickory Flats.
: Detailed discussions of species distinctions (12-21-1867) in Vitis,* Lemna,* Cuscuta,* Echinocactus,* Opuntia,* Polymnia,* Euphorbia, Abies, Quercus,* Callitriche,* Isoetes,* Arceuthobium,* Pinus,* Andropogon,* discussion of Darwinian theory and plant reproduction, Juncus and plants associated with Cuscuta, Echinocactus, Yucca,* cacti,* Mamillaria.
: Canby, Parry, Prof. Lesquereux, Bolander, Mr. Perkins, Michael (florist), Michaux, Nuttall, Charles Wright, Gray, Tuckerman, Dr. Farlow, Kellogg, Prof. Buckley,* Lindheimer.
: Pond near Springfield, along Missouri River, Bourbon Co.; Kansas; Vernon Co., Missouri; Ft. Scott, Georgetown, Pass,* Rocky hill in Bates Co., Missouri; sandy plains in Denver, Co., Butler Co., Kansas; Mt. Hood eruption and collection area, Willamette Valley and Creeks, Mason Co. Illinois; South Texas, cascades at base of Mt. Hood.
: Agave - discussion on how it prevents self-fertilization.
Texas post oak grape, Pinus* Gentiana*.
Cleveland, OH; Albany and Allegheny C., NY; Steamboat Vienna, Ohio River
9 Messages January 1, 1853 – December 12, 1854
: Sponsorship of various geological surveys. He. is founding member of the Geological Society.
Sponsorship and financing of Hayden's expedition. Details of arrangements.
Rivalries and jealousies among explorers.
: Chouteau and arrangements with fur company. Prof. Lovelace and services in paleontology; job went to Shumard; difficulties and jealousies among geologist. Baird, Vasey. (Indian agent).
: Engelmann's interest in Missouri River collections and the Mauvais Terre.
St. Louis, MO
5 letter photocopies in MBG physical archive February 25, 1853 – December 28, 1854
Engelmann to Hall
Gift of J. S. Howell, Tulsa, OK from James Hall Files, New York State Library, Albany, NY
: Advice and consultation of arrangements for above expeditions.
Receipts of Hayden collection of plants of flora of the Missouri Territory.
1 Message April 19, 1854
: Cholera and relation to environmental and sanitary conditions.
La Mortola. Mentone, [France]
1 Message April 4, 1883
: Cultivation of succulents (from Mexico) in his garden.
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA
1 Message November 22, 1880
: Sending a specimen of Leptosyne collected in San Miguel Island includes a description of habitat and plant characteristics.
Ind. University Fayetteville, Arkansas
6 Messages February 21, 1880 – May 30, 1881
: Collections for Engelmann and requests for information.
: Cheilanthes,* Notholoena,* Leavenworthia at Neosho, Missouri (none found); Cynota and Conyz on the Red River, others.
U. S. Army Chattanooga, TN; Presidio,Ft. Concho, San Antonio, [TX]
8 Messages November 6, 1878 – January 22, 1884
: Collections and exchange of information.
: Pinus,* oaks and economic uses, Euphorbiaceae, Vitis,* Agave,* oaks in San Antonio,* Opuntia, Cereus.
: S. Watson, Dr. Girard, Dr. Gray, Mr. Reverchon's garden.
: Expeditions down Rio Grande River, Chenati Mts., Guadalupe Mts., Eagle Pass, Muerto, Ft. Davis, Limpio Mts., El Paso, Santa Rosa Mts., Cibolo Canon.
Bellevue, NE; Cleveland, OH; Ft. Pierre; Ft. Union; St. Joseph; Washington, [DC]; Philadelphia, PA; Rochester, NY; Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory; Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC; Deer Creek, NE; Fort Randall.
89 Messages November 26, 1850 – December 30, 1874
: Arrangements for shipping collections, anxiety for their safety.
Work on geographical distribution of plants in upper Missouri.
Expeditions to Yellowstone country by St. Mary's.
Publication of plant catalogue.
Protest in Washington about too much natural history publication in government reports.
Coming expedition of Capt. Reynolds to Yellowstone and Dr. Newberry to the headwaters of the Colorado.
Collections of Flora of Nebraska by Maj. Lewis, Indian Agent.
Work in meteorology.
Opinions of War. (1-28-1861)
Snake River Indians.
: Prof. Baird,* Col. Vaughan, Culbertson, Prof. Hall, Col. Gilmore, Gilpin, Dr. Newberry,* Dr. Kennerly, Maj. Emory, Mr. Blake, Meck,* Dr. Leidy, Lieut. Warren,* Chouteau, Gen. Harney,* Dr. Gary,* Dr, Liney, Dr. Hayes, Capt. Raynolds, Dr. Snyder with Capt. Raeynolds expedition, Maj. Lewis, Dr. Hines, Dr. Wislizenus, Dr. Torrey, Dr. Shumard, Dr. Morre, expedition by Gen. Rosenkrantz, Raynolds and Weiner, Prof. Dewey,* Silliman, Stevenson.
San Luis Obispo, CA
3 Messages July 26, 1873 – January 10, 1883
: Sending photographs, seeds and berries of plants.
Description of plants and flora.
: Yucca,* cedar, oaks, Cactaceae.
: Dr. Anderson, Count de Cassace.
: Coast range, St. Lucia Mts., San Jose Mts., Mt. Diablo, San Joaquin Valley.
1 Messages July 24, 1853
: Sending specimens to Prof. Baird of the Smithsonian.
1 Message January 25, 1858
: Acknowledgement of plant specimens sent
: Marsh variation of the Mallow
: Haute-Rhone, Meyer, and Oensiger
: Boden-lake, Switzerland, Zurich, Germany
15 Messages November 18, 1864 – November 1, 1880
(German - English translation)
: Discussion of characteristics, nomenclature, etc. of Callitriche, Lemna, Wolffia, and Spirodela. (notes in Engelmann's handwriting)
: Braun, Legell, Gussone, Berton, Geyer, Riehl, Leonhardt, Stendel, Freund, Hochstetter, Count Alb. De Franqueville, Schleicher, Ehenbeck, Austin, Karsten, Hall, Begliser, Welwitsch, Bigelow, Weddell,
Philippi, Wright, Ernst, Burmeister.
Seed Store and Nursery, Hilden [Germany]
3 Messages February 3, 1880 – September 19, 1881
: Request for photograph and information on Dr. Geo. Engelmann to be used in Cactus Friends
Information on the condition and collection of Count Salm-Dyck
: Aloe, Anhalonium Fissuratum (sulcatum), Melocactus and Anhalonium, of Echinopsis, Cereus Mesembryanthemum, Echeveria, Echinocactus, Mammillaria, Pilocereus Dantwili, and E. Desmetian X E. imbriata
: Count Salm-Dyck and M. Seeger
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
16 Messages November 20, 1852 – May 10, 1878
: Announcement of the initiation of investigations relative to the Meteorology of North America by the Smithsonian.
Request for Engelmann's observations, albeit imperfect, and publication.
Engelmann's contribution to the Colorado expedition by furnishing the means for hyptometric measurements in exchange for botanical specimens.
: Dr. Wislizenus, Fendler, Prof. Baird, Dellman's apparatus and works, Mr. Hilgard, Dr. Fleigel, Dr. Parry and Himphreys, Dr. Gray.
: Pike's Peak; various European points to receive collected specimens.
1 Messages July 12, 1882
: Request for paper on oaks.
1 Message June 30, 1872
(German - Englishno translation)
: Request for seeds.
Volunteer Weather Stations of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
1 Message December 20, 1875
: Request for monthly mean temperatures of St. Louis for publication.
Corresponding Secretary, San Diego Lyceum of Natural Science, San Diego, CA
12 Messages March 6, 1875 – March 18, 1878
: Taking photos as Engelmann requested.
Description of field trip to Mexican monument with J. C. Parker.
Transactions of the St. Louis Academy of Science.
Descriptions of uses of Agave by Spanish and Indians, especially collecting liquid, boiling to make mescal liquor.
Expense list for trip.
: Sending cacti, Yuccas and Agave,* Agave Shawii.
1 Messages March 11, 1882
: Corrections of Engelmann's publication on Sagittaria in the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club regarding where certain species have been found. Mr. Faxon and Mr. Boott are quoted.
Esslingen, Germany; Kirchheimn. T. kgr.
8 Messages March 22, 1847 – January 26, 1860
(German - no translation)
: Specimen lists with amounts charged, one separate, 5-1857
1 Messages June 13, 1840
: Letter sent originally to B. B. Brown because of the absence of Dr. Engelmann. Letter regards an exchange of reptiles and offer to Holbrook to become a corresponding member of "their scientific body" (possibly the St. Louis Academy) of Science.
Kew Gardens, Kew, England
20 Messages March 27, 1867 – May 22, 1883
: Exchange of information, especially about conifers.
Visit in Colorado and California studying the pines. (11-11-1877)
Discussion about other American plants.
Macoun's planned exploration west of 55th m.
Joseph's and William's contribution to the arboretum at Kew.
: Pinus,* cacti, Cereus,* Yucca, junipers, Abies,* Agave, Vitis, - wishes to devote his time to.
: Baker, Carpenter, Bentham, Torrey, Parry, Mr. Oliver, Mr. Nab, A. Gray, Bolander, Kelray, Brandegee, Roever, Hartuns (in reference to Colorado/California trip), Syme, Jeffry, Berry, Lemmon, Lyall, Mr. J. Booth.
: Oregon, Sierra Nevada, Shasta, Dublin, Pike's Peak, Cape Horn, King's River, Edinburgh, Cambridge, Newburg (nurseries).
Hoopes Bros. & Thomas. Cherry Hill Nursery, West Chester PA
1 Message October 26, 1869
: Reply to Engelmann's request to see their conifers.
Hoopes Bros. & Thomas. Cherry Hill Nursery, West Chester, PA
25 Messages November 14, 1863 – May 23, 1883
: Hoope's work and publications on conifers, particularly Pinus, discussions of species distinctions, disagreements with others.
Request for information about Oidium on grapes.
Report on horticultural exhibit at the Phildelaphia Centennial.
: Pinus,* Abies,* Cupressus,* Juniperus,* Glyptostrobus,* Taxodium,* Cephalotaxus,* Piedocarpus,* oakes, Aquilegia, Carya, in Pennsylvania, Exochorda from Japan.
: Dr. Darlington, Prof. Bolander, Dr. Kellogg, Mr. Meehan.
Disagreements with Parlatore and Porter on conifer arrangement, Ravenel, Michaux, Vietch, Dr. Masters, Shaw.
: San Francisco, Sierra Nevada, Pike's Peak, Edinburgh Botanical Garden, Schuykill River, Gray's Peak.
4 Messages November 4, 1848 – December 9, 1853
: Collections of plants and animals, sends them through Engelmann to Agassiz in Cambridge.
Meteorological observations for Dr. Henry of the Smithsonian.
Arrangements for shipping equipment.
1 Message March 31, 1882
: Request for identification on Vitis meant for Spain, had been identified by Prof. Pringle.
Plant and Seed Store, Gent, Belgium
2 Messages June 7, 1867 – December 22, 1868
: Request for identification on O. Rafinesqui Engelm
: Lactran, Opuntia, O Rafinesqui Engelm, Rafinesqui, and Yucca
: Louis Van Houtte and a unidentified man
Sanvie's Island, Arthur, OR
6 Messages March 29, 1880 – March 12, 1883
: Collections of plants for Engelmann and others; discussion of differences in specimens of Isoetes nuttallii; Engelmann naming Isoetes species for him.
: Isoetes,* Pinus, Luzula, Juncus and Gratiola.
: Joseph Howell, Mr. Davenport, Sereno Watson, Prof. Daniel Eaton, Mr. W. N. Suksdorf.
: The Dalles, Milwaukie and other areas in Oregon.*
Pine Plains, NY
1 Message December 5, 1879
: Request for identification of various specimens for his catalogue soon to be published.
Lincoln Co., NC
3 Messages September 12, 1871 – July 7, 1883
: Sending Engelmann seeds and plants and information on habitat, particularly Yucca* and Chara; planting instructions for Magnolia.
: Dr. Curtis' catalogue.
: Lincolnton, Crowder's Mtn., San Bernardino Mtns.
1 Message July 6, 1880
: Request for identifications, especially "Azure blue flowers---prairies of Texas".
Civil Engineer, Iowa City, IA
1 Message April 16, 1883
: Request for Engelmann to make a catalogue of his collections from New Mexico, Arizona, Dakotas and Minnesota.
13 Messages November 1, 1881 – July 27, 1883
(Some translated from German)
: Discussions of Vitis* habitat, hybridization, species, correspondence, sending seeds and cuttings to Engelmann.
: Planchon, Millardet, Jacob Boll, Buckley, Mr. Von Meusebach, Mr. Foese, Mr. Fr. Munch, Mr. Mill, Anderdank.
: Working with grapes originally collected in Northwest Texas, Dallas, Burnet, Hayes and Bell counties, Bernardo Prairie and Denison on the Red River.
9 Messages January 12, 1860 – September 18, 1873
: His relationships with other botanists, discussions of botany in general; American Philosophical Society activities.
: E. tenelis (?),* others briefly.
New York, (NY)
1 Message January 2, 1877
: Contributions on Pinus in an encyclopedia.
St. George, UT
1 Message June 10, 1872
: Request for identifications; offer to collect for Engelmann.
Office of the "Utah Pomologist", St. George, UT
16 Messages August 22, 1870 – April 6, 1880
: Collections of Yucca, cacti and grapes for Engelmann; help which Engelmann gave to him in helping him to dispose of plants.
Possibilities of Utah as fine fruit-growing country, descriptions.
: Dr. Edward Palmer, Dr. H. J. Richards, American Pomological Society.
Grinnell, IA; Fraer, Tama, CO; Colorado Springs, [CO]; Salt Lake City, [UT]; San Diego, CA; Ogden, UT
20 Messages August 29, 1877 – July 24, 1882
Subjects: Joint efforts of Jones and Engelmann added fifty species to Iowa flora.
Collections in Colorado especially Quercus, conifers, cypress.
Disputes as to naming plants; finding and naming of new species of rose with Parry, others.
Plants: Vitis,* Rosa blanda,* Buchloe,* Abies,* Pseudotsuga,* Pleurogyne,* Mulgedium,* Picea,* Gentiana,* Heuchera sanguinea* (5-27-1879), Abies,* Ephedras,* (5-7-1880), Yucca,* Opuntia,* Cereus,* grasses.
People: Prof. B. Porter, Dr. Vasey, Dr. Parry, Dr. Robbins, Pringle.
Places: Lafayette College in Pennsylvania, St. George, San Bernardino, National City, St. Louis, MO.
1 Ms. July 19, (1882) Engelmann to Jones
Subjects: Scathing letter regarding Ephedra nevadensis.
Middelbourg, Royaume des Pays-bas [The Netherlands]
1 Message September 20, 1865
(French - English translation)
: Growing many species of cactus.
Birdston, Navarro Co., TX
1 Message March 30, 1880
: Request for help in identification of plants in Navarro Co.
San Francisco, CA; Summit Camp; Sierra Nevada Mts.
4 Messages August 24, 1866 – May 10. 1880
: Returning to profession of medicine; collections for Engelmann; California Academy of Sciences flourishing.
: Juncus,* on Lobos Creek, Pinus,* Abies.
: Prof. George Davidson (Alaskan expedition), Bolander, Prof. Whitney and Mr. Stearn (California Academy of Science).
Jefferson Barracks, [MO]
1 Message March 21, 1849
: Appreciation for his help and arrangements with Wright, Gray and Fendler.
Cleveland, E. Rockport, OH
5 Messages August 23, 1855 – September 20, 1855
: Request for help with cacti; sending specimens.
Introducing Edward Palmer.
: Dr. Le Conte, Dr. Newberry.
Sheffield Scientific School of Yale, New Haven, CT
2 Messages March 8, 1875 – March 20, 1875
: Request for information about numbered specimens from Kellogg and Hartford collection of Prof. Eaton, Bolander's Gentians and Erythraeas from other collections.
3 Messages February 14, 1843 – October 7, 1846
: Appreciation for Engelmann's collaboration; request for collections of Cuscuta, Gramineae, Cyperaceae, Carices, and pine.
: Rhynchospora, Dracocephalum, Calypso.
: Dr. Torrey, Gray, Darlington, Sartwell, Mr. Curtis, Dr. S. B. Mead.
1 Message November 23, 1879
(Translated from German)
: Engelmann nominated as honorary member of the "Botanischer Verein der Provinz Brandenburg."
Request for material of the Lytraceae; to clarify species and generic distinctions.
Petersburg (U. S.)
2 Messages July 3, 1858 – July 19, 1858
(German - English translation)
: An interest in Russian plants for examples of Xanthium and Agrimonia. Sending several issues of Bozplandia to be distributed.
1 Message May 8, 1878
(German – English translation)
: Request for identification of American pines.
1 Message n.d.
(French - English translation)
: Mr. de Franqueville’s herbarium is at Engelmann’s disposal.
Kunze, Richard Ernst 1838-1919
New York, [NY]
6 Messages October 27, 1877 – November 11, 1877
Subjects: Collecting cuttings of cacti from various localities for cultivation by Engelmann.
People: Stanley, Pfeiffer, Howarth, P. G. Baker, J. Lachaume, Bosse, Dr. Geo. Thurber, Pfersdorff, Issac Buchanan, Thomas Hogg, Peter B. Mead, W. H. Clements, R. H. Rathbun, esq., Bosse.
Places: Island of Guadeloupe, West Indies, Cuba, Barbados, Bermuda.
4 Messages April 19, 1857 – November 23, 1857
(French - summaries)
: Invitation to Engelmann to visit his cactus gardens.
Discussion of observations on cactus structures and cultivation of cacti in his latitude.
: Jacobi, Andry, Monville, Modier, Micheli, Benj. Delessert, Decaisne, Prince de Salm and Baron Kawsiski.
Vice President of Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Co., Philadelphia, PA
1 Message July 28, 1874
Subjects: Gen. Palmer in Canon City, Colorado; cacti.
1 Message October 15, 1862
: Sending seeds and specimens of Ellisia to Engelmann.
Mr. T. P. James also collecting.
26 Messages December 22, 1841 – April 11, 1868
: Exchange of specimens and information, particularly about grasses.
: Juniperus, asters, Solidagos, Cuscuta, Equisetum, Asclepias, Aceretes, Pinus,* Leersia,* grasses,* Paspalum,* Silphium,* Ceresia(?), cacti, Callitriche,
: Juncaceae, Coriopernum, Euphorbia, Potentilla in association with Juncus, Viburnum*.
: Mr. Manz, Davis and Moore, Fr. Walker, Nuttall, Pursh, Kunth, Dr. Wunderly,* Prof. Braun, Cornwell, Spears, Michaux, Dr. Clapp, Mr. Mead, Benj. Charles, Mr. Kennel, Carpenter, Chapman, Dr. Gray, John W. Hubbard, Dr. Fessel, Dr. Vasey, Dr. Jung, Dr. Parry, Dr. Shumard
: Rock River Wisconsin, oak openings on prairies, Eagle Prairie, Lake Michigan, Lake Winnebago, Wisconsin River, Chippewa River, St. Croix River, Green Bay, Central and West Wisconsin, within 100 miles on La Crosse River, White Lake and River, Ft. Garry on the North, sandy beach of lake south of harbour.
1 Message April 19, 1880
: Request for information on Canada thistle.
4 Messages March 10, 1844 – March 29, 1846
: Exchange of specimens of western plants for eastern ones.
: Dr. King, Mr. Kimm, Messrs. Lea and Blanchard, Prof. Baird.
New York, NY
3 Messages January 5, 1848 – December 27, 1852
: Request for Engelmann to instruct Fengler [Fendler] in preservation methods for collection of entomological specimens.
Le Conte's son collecting specimens for Engelmann.
: Echinocactus,* Pinus, Vitis.
: Mr. Lindheimer, Fendler, Hogg, Jantsinger, Dr. Wislizenus, Mr. Haldiman, Mr. Thompson, Prof. Agassiz.
Animals:Coleoptera,* Hister,* Cicinolloe.
14 Messages August 9, 1870 – February 17, 1878
: Request for contributions for the Torrey Club Bulletin of which he is editor.
Requests for plant identifications.
: Lemna,* Spirodela,* Cuscuta,* Isoetes, Solidago, Opuntia, Peltandra,* Lechea,* Asperula, Galium, Abies, Marsilea, Yucca, Agave,* Archeuthobium, Pontideria, oaks, Juniperus, Castanea.
: Prof. Hegelmaier, Mr. Austin, Dr. Gray, Dr. Torrey, Prof. Wood, Dr. Short, Michaux, Mr. Peck, Mr. Bower, Miss Millington, Mr. Bell, Prof. Thurruber, Vasey, Dr. H. N. Smith, Mr. LeRoy, Dr. Allen, Wright in Cuba, Josiah Hoopes' Pinetum, Dr. J. W. Barstow, Mr. Ravenel, Regel, Shuttleworth, de Candolle, M. de Caisne, Mr. Eggert, Dr. Flanner, Mr. Britton.
: Peekskill, Staten Island, Chatham, banks of Hudson, Westchester [New York], Bethlehem [Pennsylvania], Aiken [South Carolina], Florida, Cambridge, Litchfield Lake on Bantam Pond [Connecticut].
1 Message January 5, 1813
: Request for identification of a Wolffia.
4 Messages November 7, 1857 – March 2, 1869
(French - English translations)
: Request to study Engelmann's collection of cacti and possible collaboration; botanical voyage to Havana and Venezuela; discussion of speciation.
: [Adolphe Theodore] Brongniart, [Francois Marie] Delessert, Decaisne, Dr. Hugel, Haworth, Console, Scheid, de Candolle, and Martius.
Sierra Valley, San Bernadino, San Francisco, CA; Weber Lake in the snow; Alameda, CA; Sipon's Station, near Mt. Shasta; Oakland, CA; Fort Grant, AZ; El Paso, TX; Fort Bowie, Arizona Territory; Oakland, CA; Fort Huachuca.
34 Mss. August 20, 1875 – June 1, 1883
Subjects: Collections for Engelmann and others, lecture and publications in botany.
Itineraries and biographical information, both Lemmon and wife.
Work for Centennial.
Hooker and Gray's botanical party; discussions about their accuracy.
Topography, flora and landscape of Fort Grant vicinity. (10-21-80)
Collection list from S. Cal, Arizona, N. Mexico, W. Texas. April to June 1881. (6-12-1881)
Plants: Conifers,* oaks,* Abies,* Gymnosperm/Conifer arrangement and names, Oreodaphne, Chamaecyparis, Arceuthobium, growing on Pinus, Tsuga,* Cypressus,* Libocedrus, Compositae collections, Picea,* Brewer's spruce, Kellog's oak, Gentiana, Plummeria,* Sequoia,* Tagetes (new Shrub), Tripsacum.
People: Dr. Parry,* Prof. Case, Dr. Vasey, Gray, Hooker,* Kellogg, Harford, Bolander and his library,* Dr. Palmer, Baron Osten-Sacken,* Prof. Greene, Prof. Watson, W. G. Wright, Mr. Bebb, Prof. Edom, Dr. Webber, Dr. John F. Morse, Dr. D. Lewis, G. Gordon A. of England, J. P. Moore, Prof. Watson, John Muir,* Prof. Wood, H. C. Ford (Artist), Prof. Brewer, Sipon,* Pringle,* Apaches at Chirracahua.
Places: Lassen Peak, Reno, Sierra, Calaveras, Co., LaCosta, Castle Peak, San Jose, Webber Lake (and Webber),* Shasta region, High Sierra, Meadow Lake, Butterfly Valley, Susanville, Tuolumne River, Ann Arbor, Hanover, San Rafael, Yosemite, Tahoe, Leassen Mt. Stanford, Eddy [Scott] Mt., McCloud River (Bolander's Staphylea), Santa Catalina Mt., Salt Lake, Chirracahua Mts., Huachucha Mts.